The result of actions by you has to be borne by you so do not destroy anything

The result of actions by you has to be borne by you

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The result of actions by you has to be borne by you, so do not destroy anything. -Acaranga Sutra - You are meant to empathize and understand they are fundamentally like you - You are being asked to identify with them - Principle of identification is tied to Jan understanding of karma Samsaric Religion II: Janism Jain Cosmology - Samsara and the arrangement of the cosmos - The world is eternal and uncreated- there is no creator god - Instead at some unknown point matter and soul began to interact and the world itself is divided and in the shape of a giant human being (same with vedic religion and the universe has form of cosmic human being) - Divided into levels of hells of lowest levels, the material world in the center, the various heavenly realms, the very peak of the cosmos is the abode of all liberated beings - Important to note verticality of cosmos
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- Hell & heaven have different levels of joy or punishment depending on human life Dualism: souls (*jivas) and matter - Jiva is a soul - They are separate from matter of which the world was created - Dualism is very important Karma as material substance - How can one escape from the cycle? - Desire, attachment & strong emotions makes moist soul attractive to karma so karma can attach to it - When the body dies the jiva based on the amount of karmic weight its carruing will either sink to a particular level of hell or rise to a particular part of heaven - Jan understand the process of karma and rebirth to be immediate- one is reborn immediate after death which invalidates the logic of hindu funerary practice (ex.- the idea of the pinda to build up the ancestral body to be created in the realm of the ancestors)- if someone is reborn immediately there is no sense in doing traditional funerary rituals In the Jan worldview there are individual souls present in all things (plants, animal, people, residents of heaven/hell) is throught to have a soul - Some beings like plants only have 1 sense (plants- touch) - Others have 2, 3,4, - Only animals and humans have 5 senses and therefore we are the same as animals - If anything has one sense you cannot cause them any distress Samsaric Religion II: Jainism Jain Practice (and “Soteriology”) For renunciants → Asceticism describes the process of denying the body - Diksha - getting rid of every possession you own- removing hair, robes and taking five vows - When becoming a monk here the first act you take is for yourself- jan monks/ nuns begin their transition by pulling out their own hair to separate themselves between material body and soul
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- These extreme forms of asceticism and disciplining the body is the tapas to create an inner fire to burn away ones attachment to this world- they can kindle a fire that can burn away the karma that is on the soul - Ideally if they suceed it will allow the soul to be divested of karma and at the time of death nothing is holding it back so it can float up to the place of liberating beings at the tip of the cosmos Goal: moksha - emancipation, enlightenment, liberation, and release.
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  • Winter '17
  • Angela Sumegi
  • Buddhism, Gautama Buddha, Karma

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