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liberated them from the low menial jobs such as factory labor and domestic service performed by wage laborers in the North 5.Compare slaves in the Old South with those elsewhere in the world, focusing on health, diet, and opportunities for freedom a.They had better diets, lower rates of infant mortality, and longer life expectancies in the US. Most of the south lies outside the geographical area that tropical diseases flourish so health among all southerners was better than the West Indies/Brazilb.They had less access to freedom. States set limits on voluntary manumission, region that such acts be approved by the legislature 6.Describe the difference between gang labor and task labor for slaves, and explain how slaves’ tasks varied by region across the Old Southa.Gang labor: performing labor in large groups often round the clock, especially during sugar cane season
i.Louisiana b.Task labor: slaves would be assigned daily tasks and allowed to set their own pace of work. Once they were done they could spend the rest of the day hunting, fishing, or cultivating crops.i.Seen in South Carolina and Georgia 7.How did enslaved people create community and a culture that allowed them to survive in an oppressive society?a.The male to female ratio in the US allowed families to be created more easily. The biggest threat to this was the threat of saleb.Religion played a large role in their lives. Black preachers were common and they spreadthe belief that they were god’s chosen people and would be eventually set free8.Identify the different types of resistance to slavery, which ones were the most common, the most effective, and the most demonstrative. Chapter 13: 1.Explain the justifications for the doctrine of manifest destiny, including material and idealistic motivations.a.he doctrine of manifest destiny was the belief that Americans would take over the rest of the continent moving west. Americans would spread freedom and democracy to the rest of the continent by gathering more land all the way to California. In the painting by John Gast it shows a picture of the idea of manifest destiny in which the goddess of liberty holds a school book and the Indians are running away westward. One of the justifications of manifest destiny was that Americans was spreading civilization and knowledge westward. To get more land, Americans would have to fight Mexico for their land to add to America. A statue resembling the goddess of liberty was made to represent the freedom that Americans would bring westward. The idea of manifest destiny was the spread of freedom and democracy but to get that there was many deaths of Indians and wars with other nations.