waste management according to Ambrosi 2018 this Convention is essential because

Waste management according to ambrosi 2018 this

This preview shows page 7 - 10 out of 17 pages.

waste management, according to Ambrosi (2018), this Convention is essential because some EEE contains Polychlorinated Biphenyls in its composition, and this chemical substance is listed in the Annex C linked to the Article 5 of the Stockholm Convention.
Image of page 7
CSR approach on e-waste BL7001 CSR & Environmental Law 8 The Rotterdam Convention on the Prior Informed Consent Procedure Applied to Certain Pesticides and Hazardous Chemicals in International Trade aims to control the cross-border movement of hazardous chemicals based on the principle of prior consent of the importing country and shared responsibility in the international trade of these products. It was adopted in September 1998 and entered into force in February 2004. It has currently 72 signatories and 161 parties. Even the Rotterdam Convention excludes wastes, if the general purpose of this Convention is observed assembled to the Basel Convention, the prior information to be reported by the exporter to the importer based on the Rotterdam Convention is essential for the correct determination of waste or non-waste. The Minamata Convention on Mercury aims to protect human health and the environment from emissions and releases of mercury. It was adopted in October 2013 and entered into force in August 2017. Considering that some EEE contain extremely contaminating elements that do not degrade completely, such as mercury, the Minamata Convention is directly applied to the e-waste management. Currently, it has 128 signatories and 116 parties. In 2017, approximately 67 countries had e-waste legislation in place, representing 66% of the world population. Many countries and also private companies have shown an effort to solve the global e-waste issue. The principal regional regulations on e-waste are Bamako Convention, Waigani Convention and the EU WEEE Directives (the first regional regulation detailed on e-waste). The Bamako Convention was adopted by African states to prohibit the importation and transboundary movement of hazardous materials. It was proposed in January 1991, and adopted in March 1999. The Waigani Convention was opened for signature in 1995 and entered in force in 2001. It aims to bans the import of hazardous or radioactive waste by countries which are Members of the Pacific Islands Forum.
Image of page 8
CSR approach on e-waste BL7001 CSR & Environmental Law 9 The Directive 2002/95/EC (RoHS), which restricts the use of certain hazardous substances in EEE and exemptions, was regulated in 2003 and is currently replaced by the Directive 2011/65/EU. As reported in the Decent work in the management of electrical and electronic waste , regarding the Directive 2011/65/EU: “…The purpose of the new Directive is to restrict the use of hazardous substances in electrical and electronic equipment, protect human health and promote the environmentally sound recovery and disposal of e-waste. The Directive restricts the use of ten hazardous materials in manufacturing electrical and electronic equipment”. The Directive 2002/96/EC regulating the treatment of WEEE, obliging
Image of page 9
Image of page 10

You've reached the end of your free preview.

Want to read all 17 pages?

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern

Stuck? We have tutors online 24/7 who can help you get unstuck.
A+ icon
Ask Expert Tutors You can ask You can ask You can ask (will expire )
Answers in as fast as 15 minutes
A+ icon
Ask Expert Tutors