- Caught sleeping! - Focus Questions o How was the Battle of Saratoga the turning point of the war? o How did the Patriots force the British into surrendering at Yorktown? What role did the French play in the surrender? Saratoga - British General John Burgoyne o Wants to cut New England off from the other colonies o Heads south from Canada, recaptures Fort Ticonderoga, and heads for Albany, New York - British General Howe o Supposed to sail north up the Hudson River from New York City and join Burgoyne o Left New York, sailed up Chesapeake Bay, and captures Philadelphia instead! o Forced the Continental Congress to flee ((Howe abandons Burgoyne, - The Patriots o Fell trees and dam rivers to hinder Burgoyne’s march o Surround Burgoyne at Saratoga, New York o Force Burgoyne to surrender to Patriot General Horatio Gates - Effects of the Battle o ** Turning point of the Revolutionary War ** o Ended the British threats to New England o Boosts American spirits o ** Convinces other European countries to help the Americans ** Independence - War in the South o New British General: Henry Clinton o British focus on the Loyalist south o Planned to free enslaved Africans and enlist them in the British Army o Destroyed crops, animals, and property 1 - The Battle of Yorktown o Last major or battle of the Revolution o Comte de Rochambeau & General Washington command a French- American force o A French naval fleet closes Chesapeake Bay
o British general Cornwallis is surrounded o French navy blockades Yorktown o Washington’s army lays siege o Cornwallis surrenders after three weeks - Treaty of Paris o Two year negotiation o British recognized the United States as a country o The US Border extends from the Atlantic Ocean to the Mississippi River o Florida is returned to Spain
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