210 learning transfer transfer of learning is what

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many different places and situations as possible (after the initial learning phase). 2.10. Learning transfer. Transfer of learning is what takes place when the learning of one skill or command affects the learning of another skill or command. Transfer can be positive (favorable) or negative (unfavorable). 2.10.1. Positive transfer. In positive transfer of learning, the fact that the dog has already learned to do one thing actually helps it to learn to do another. Thus, learning to sit in response to the ― Sit !‖ command during obedience training transfers positively to detection training, helping the dog to learn to sit in response to odor. In fact, one of the main ingredients to good dog training is teaching each skill at such a time and in such a way that it helps the dog learn the next skill. 2.10.2. Negative transfer. In negative transfer of learning, the fact that the dog has already learned to do one thing hinders it when it is trying to learn another. For instance, if your dog has already learned to scratch at a door in order to get through it and reach an agitator, this may transfer negatively to explosives detection training, making it more likely to ― aggre ss‖ a training aid rather than sit cleanly. 2.11. Anticipation. As a result of classical and instrumental conditioning, the dog learns to predict what will happen next during training. This knowledge of what is about to happen is accompanied by psychological and physiological changes that prepare the dog for upcoming action. Much the same thing happens to you when, riding in a car, you see the car ahead lock up its brakes. As a result of your anticipation of a collision, you brace yourself. When the dentist starts the motor in his drill, you will tend to wince and stiffen your body in anticipation of pain, even before you can feel the drill. The dog‘s anticipation of the events in dog training and its preparatory responses can help it learn. For instance, if your dog is having difficulty responding
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