Significance a means of communication among those

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SIGNIFICANCE: a means of communication among those unable to acquire the high culture of literary Chinese23) Tonghak(Eastern Learning)WHO: Founded by Ch’oe Che-u 제우WHAT:appealed to secondary sons and fallen yangban Blend of Neo-Confucianism, Christianity, Buddhism, Taoism, and Shamanism distinctively Korean prayers and incantations, methods of divination, and healing practicesPopular among rural peasants Korean alternative to Catholicism(“Western Learning”)Distinctly political, anti-foreign, AND conservative Elements of mass nationalism Basis for mass nationalism Manifestos, declarations, and demands for end to hereditary social discrimination, expel foreigners, redistribution of property Where: 조선When: around 1860s Significance: Social movement calling for better living and reform of corrupt government its incorporation of a strong native, even nationalist, identity compels a comparison to other nation-centered religious movements that arose in the nineteenth century (i.e. extraordinary men who blended nativist elements with established religious practices)서학?서양에서 들어와서, 본받아서 동학을 만듬. 한국버전의 기독교인데: 모든사평하다. 차별이없고사은 다 하늘이 내려평하다. 유명한 종교. 조선시대후기 싸웠는데 외세를 아내고, 일본사들을 . 동학: 주도한체가 동학24) Treaty of Kanghwa (1876)
WHO: Empire of Japan and and Choson KingdomWHAT: Japan employed gunboat diplomacy(threatened Korean through naval power) to press Koreatosign this unequal treaty. This treaty opened ports to Japanese trade and granted the Japanese the same amount of rights Westerners enjoyed in Japan. WHERE: KangwadoWHEN: Feb.6, 1876SIGNIFICANCE: The treaty turned out to be the first of many unequal treaties signed by Korea. It gave extraterritorial rights to Japanese citizens in Korea, and forced the Korean government to open up 3 ports (Busan, Incheon, Wonsan). Korea became vulnerable to the influence of imperialisic powers; and later the treaty led Korea to be annexed by Japan. 이미 와 미국은 이전에 한국과 접을 시도 했지만 Joseon policy 는 청나라외에 외국 세력을 견재했고 받아리지 . (인양요:무력적 접시도, 신미양요: 미국 무력적 접시도, 다 실패) 화도 조약: 서양문을 받아리고 기술이 발전, 명성후와 홍성대? 일본애들이 화도를 들어와서 문을 열어라. 외교동을 해라!- Gunboat treaty - 군함이 와서 우리와 계약을 안하- 화도 사건: 일본군이 직접 상해서 공격(18759) → 1876 2에 조약을 맺음AFTERMATH: article 1 --조선은 이제 free sovereign nation (청나라와 어있어서 , 청나라와의 인연을 끊게하기위해 만든 첫번째조약) - open 3 ports for trade and allow Japanese merchants to enter Korea 일본과 외교동을 하기위해- In a way, first step for Korean modernization25) Kabo Reforms (1894-1896)WHO: Taewon'gun forms Deliberative Assembly to tackle reformsWHAT: D.Assembly independence form the centuries-long subordination the Chinese: Korea’s official dating system would no longer be based on the Chinese imperial calendar but rather on the founding, in 1392, of the Choson dynasty-1894.

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