Although the ages did not vary much within the United States, women life expectancy will be up to 81 years old and men will be up to 76 years old. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention released new data regarding the decline in smoking. CDC estimated 14 percent of adults in the U.S., or 34.3 million people, smoked cigarettes in 2017, down from 15.5 percent in 2016. Brian King, a deputy director in the CDC’s office on smoking and health contributed to the decline of smoking was due to initiatives like raising the price of tobacco, educating consumers on the dangers of smoking and efforts of people wanting to quit. These were some of the reasons for the behind the decline (La Vito,
2018). Smoking was noted to be more prevalence in male at 15.8% as compared to 12.2% of females. Smoking was higher among people between the aged 25-44 years (16.1%) and aged 45-64 years (16.5%). The racial groups that were noted to be at higher risk for chronic health problems were among non-Hispanic American Indians/Alaska Natives (24%) and people of multiple races (20%) and lowest among non-Hispanic Asians (seven percent) (Center for Disease Control and Prevention, 2019b). In the Unites States, socioeconomic status does affect a person’s overall health status. People who possessed a lower education and income were among the highest risk factor groups. Location, martial status, and health insurance also were noted to be some of the risk factors that may contribute to possible future health issues. According to the CDC (2019b), people in the Midwest were among the highest smoking population and lowest in the West. People who were also divorced/separated or widowed, uninsured adults and adults with Medicaid and lowest in adults with Medicare only. The obesity rate in the county of San Diego was reported to be about 22% as compared to 21% in state of California. Among the preschool in San Diego, obesity rate was seen at 16% compared to 18% in California (City-Data, 2019b). According to the State of Obesity (2019), California has the fourth lowest adult obesity rate in the nation, and the 24 th highest obesity rate for youth age 10-17. As of 2017, obesity in the state of California were seen highest among 25.8% of women compared to 24.5% of men. Obesity were more prevalence among people aged 26-44 years (24%) and 45-64 years (31.7%) and seen more in African Americans and Latinos. Obesity-related health issues included diabetes, heart disease, arthritis and cancer were among some of the diseases reported in the state of California. However, the prevalence of obesity is the United States was 39.8%, affecting about 93.3 million people in 2015-2016. Obesity-related conditions include heart disease, stroke, type 2 diabetes and certain types of cancer that are some of the leading causes of preventable, premature death. The prevalence of obesity was 35.7% among young adults aged 20 to 39 years, 42.8% among middle-aged adults aged 40 to 59 years, and 41.0% among older adults aged 60 and older in the United States (CDC, 2018a). Obesity including extreme obesity were reported to affect 40% of
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- Spring '17