from too many hikers then the bio cc has been exceeded problem feeding the

From too many hikers then the bio cc has been

This preview shows page 27 - 29 out of 57 pages.

from too many hikers then the bio cc has been exceeded problem: feeding the wildlife, usually unhealthy (bread, chips, twinkies), and they become dependent on humans ← not natural behavior, more ppl attk by deer (Øbears) psychological carrying capacity : amount of use that can be sustained before damage to the outdoor experience occurs impact of people on others, most subj./most difficult to define; ppl vary in needs, peace, quiet, solitude, some are not bothered by presence of a lot of ppl extend cc through adopting certain behaviors to minimize impact on nat resources: 1. stay on main trail 2. avoid hiking through meadows physical cc: erosion on steep hillsides, walking downhill to trail will cause new
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one and disrupt vegetation & destroy fragile grass and wildflowers ← bio cc , will create confusing network of trails 3. set camp that avoids on meadow, use existing site away from trails, water, other camp. don’t want to clear vegetation or level the site; boy scouts were encouraged to create a new campsite everywhere they went setting by other campers will have high human concentration, more visible of one’s presence and where people gather, ~ psych cc 4. use and existing fire pit, keep fire small (conserve wood) 5. collect only down and dead wood; collect live trees ← bio cc 6. use camp stoves (conserve wood) 7. biodegradable soap only ← affect phys and bio cc 8. washing dishes and clothes away from lakes and streams or other water sources b/c biode. soap could still impact aquatic ecology 9. do not bury garbage, “leave only footprints and take only photographs” 10. pack out everything you brought buried garbage will attract wildlife (bears) to dig it up and ants, other insects improper human waste requires to purify the water, risk of Giardia 11. purify the water before drinking it, use filter, tablet, boil water 12. “carry out method” - carry out human waste, like when on whitewater river rafter protecting the wilderness - landscape (air, water, land), plant & wildlife, other recreationists Visions of Wilderness Preservation Pocketchange History of the Environmental Movement/Wilderness of Lewis and Clark evolution of Amer. attitudes toward wilderness for last 200 years {seemed endless and beyond depletion, uncultivated land considered useless: trees used as lumber, prairies into farms, canyons into dams} turn of 20th century, 90% of forests cut down shifted from Exploitation to Enjoyment/appreciation of the landscape, some threats remain Romanticism - philosophical movement that saw nature as something inspirational and could elevate the faculties of the mind; both humans and nature are important Nationalism - pride to one’s country, in one’s landscape; Eur. had pride in cultural adv.: art, music, architecture and literature; Amer. not much in culture: had scenery/theory influenced wilderness movement in Amer was ideas that inspired us and wilderness conservation → policy development
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  • Spring '16
  • Jillian Maloney
  • National Park Service, John Muir, Yosemite National Park, National Parks

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