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4. Coordinate with all relevant parties, including community members, general public, special interest groups, regulatory agencies, and governments.5. Determine the assumptions, protocols, reviews, and various other methodologies that will be used to carry out the impact assessment.6. Document and examine the potential impact of the project. Then, share this information with all relevant parties.7. Revise and finalize the project by meeting with project designers and sponsors. Revisions should seek to lessen potentially harmful environmental impacts and to increase potentially helpful environmental impacts.Source: AICP Exam SECRETS Study GuideHOUSING NEEDS ASSESSMENTHousing needs assessment predicts the current housing needs within a community based on its planned growth over a certain period of time. It also examines housing costs for each income level, and then determines whether or not the market is capable of providing housing at each level. In order to establishgoals and needs for future planning projects, housing needs assessments use a variety of quantitative research methods (forecasting), qualitative research methods (surveys), and citizen involvement techniques. There are several different methods for determining a community’s housing needs, but a popular method is to consider the questions people must answer when they seek out housing for themselves:• Should I rent or own?• How much can I afford to pay in monthly rent or in purchasing and maintaining a new home?• What is my preferred type of housing?By integrating these questions into a housing needs assessment, planners can forecast the tenure of housing (permanent or semi- permanent), the incomes of buyers and the prices they will seeking, and required housing types.
Steps:When conducting a housing needs assessment, municipalities usually follow these steps:1. Process initiation. Create a list of possible housing task force members, and hold media events, tours, and public hearings to garner attention for the project.2. Problem identification. Identify housing problems using various research techniques, and list the problems within a preliminary mission statement.3. Creation of community housing profile. Gather housing demand data, inventory data, and local housing delivery system data on the community population.4. Local housing needs assessment. Gather data on housing needs through various research methodologies, and compare the data against established housing standards.5. Creation of public policy goals and objectives. Establish broad goals and achievable, quantifiable objectives for the project based on the community’s political and economic characteristics.6. Preparation of community housing plans and strategies. Explain the expected accomplishments and their justifications. Create new policies and revise old policies to include new housing strategies and plans.