Bakufu the system that samurai class ruled over korea

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restoration, Samurai was also banned to carry weapon at 1876 to end the class system. Bakufu: The system that samurai class ruled over Korea through bakufu and Shogunate. Started at late 12 century and ended during Bakumatsu when Tokugawa shogunate cease to rule and Imperial emperor gain power. Battle of Sekigahara: 关原之战 A battle between the western kansai army controlled by Toyotomi clan and the eastern kanto army controlled by Tokugawa Ieyasu at 1600.Ended in a day. It is seem as the beginning of Tokugawa shogunate( 德川幕府 ). The daimyos who did not follow Tokugawa before Battle of Sekigahara became tozama( 外样) daimyo. The daimyos who pledge to Tokugawa before this battle became Fudai( 谱代 ) daimyo. Shinpan: The daimyos who had direct consanguineous relationship with Tokugawa Clan. When there is no successor can be found for shogunate in Tokugawa clan. Shogun was chose from the most important Shinpan. Fudai: The daimyos who followed Tokugawa clan before battle of sekigahara. Tozama: The daimyos who fought against Tokugawa clan. Most of them at Kyushu and Northern Honshu. They had very little power during tokugawa bakufu but they can contact with foreign countries because they were at the border of Japan. Became the main power to overthrown Bakufu during sonno Joi( 尊王攘夷) . Edo Period :1603-1868 The period of Tokugawa bakufu when Japan was ruled by Tokugawa shogunate . Tokugawa bakufu was established at Edo. 江户时期 Shogun: Also known as sei-i taishogun( 征夷大将军 ). The head of samurai Bakufu and ruled instead of Emperor. Baku-Han System: The system established by Tokugawa bakufu which Bakufu as the central government ruled over local daimyo hans. Bakufu control hans using Sankin-kotai system( 参勤交代) and hans have both political,military and
economical power as local government. Hans are divided into Shinpan, Fudai and Tozama. The lands were still owned by Hans and Bakufu, peasants had to pay rent. Sankin-Kotai System: The system which Local daimyos had to come to edo at least once a year to present themselves to the Shogun. There were houses in Edo for daimyos wife to live. This system forced daimyo to use their limited financial resource and time to travel between their vassal state and Edo. Help Tokugawa shogunate to rule. Yoshiwara district: 1617 The official sexual district in Edo where sexual workers are not allowed to leave. Samurai here became town folk Kabuki: Japanese dance drama, 1603 Sakoku 1635-1868 The foreign policy of Tokugawa shogunate which forbid Japanese to travel outside the country and foreigners to trade with Japan. Onnagata :女形 Male actor act as femalein kabuki. When Kabuki was first introduced in Japan, often time it involve sexual activities. Tokugawa bakufu banned female actor at 1626 and later on young man actor was also banned at 1652. Only adult male actor was allowed.

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