King helped found the southern christian leadership

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King helped found the Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC) to mobilize black churches in non-violent resistance. He wanted the removal of Jim Crowe Laws which allowed for “separate but equal status” for African Americans Birmingham Campaign and the sit-in Police responded with water canons In 1963 King led the March ON WASHINGTON. This was a march intended to produce equity in employment and was a venue for African Americans to air grievances Made famous the King’s “I have A Dream Speech” Blood Sunday, 1965 - Attempted march from Selma to Montgomery which was non-violent was met by police brutality. This was met with public outrage. - March 29, 1968, king was in Memphis Tennessee, to support the black public sanitary workers there. April 4, King was assassinated (by: James Earl Ray) in the motel where he was staying. The assassination resulted in nationwide riots. Malcolm x: the other route He was and African American Muslim advocate for human rights Sometimes accused for preaching black supremacy Was a member of nation of Islam and founder of Muslim Mosque Inc. Advocated for complete separation of white and colored people He advocated that African Americans use any means necessary to attain their ends 1965 Assassination at a meeting of the Organization of Afro-American Unity Quebec: Before the Quiet Revolution Union Nationale 1944-1959: a Quebec party led by Maurice Duplessis had tight control over the Quebec society Very strong loyalty to French-Canadian traditions and values Jean Lesage took control of the hydroelectric companies giving Quebecers more control over their economic future Used slogans “Maires chez nous” - “masters in our own house”. Most English-speaking Quebecers earned 4940/yr and owned most of the businesses Most French speaking Quebecers earned 3185/yr All of this increased tensions between French and English speaking people in Quebec Royal Commission on Bilingualism and Biculturalism
Nicknamed the Bi and Bi Commission Recommended the development of an equal partnership: Canada declared officially bilingual Provinces where the minority group is more than 10% should provide government services in both languages Ottawa, as the national capital, should be bilingual Students should be able to study both languages More French Canadians in parliament French should be the main language used in Quebec Separatism During the Quiet Revolution, some Quebecois believed the only solution to Quebecs problems was to separate from canada Parti Quebecois Victory! In November 1976, Rene Levesque and the PQ party were elected to be the Provincial government They were a separatist, nationalist group Bill 101(1977) The Parti Quebecois (PQ) party passed this controversial language bill French was to be used in government, the courts, and business- no sign in a language other than French French was the language of the workplace Only children already enrolled i English school or with one parent who attend English school could enroll in an English school

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