S of peace a expansion of slavery the wilmot proviso

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(40)Problems of Peace (a)Expansion of slavery & the Wilmot Proviso (b)Political polarization by section (c)Rise of political antislavery movement(d)Slogan- “ free soil, free labor, free man”(e)slaveocracy(f) Conspiratorial thinking 1848NEW LECTURE (41)Compromise of 1850 discovered gold in California, 80,000 Americans moved over to Cali. of the state whether they wanted to be free or slaved would have to be reported (42)“Bleeding Kansas” 1854(43)Deepening Crisis, 1856-59 party-first sectional party, no support besides the north
took over arms in Virginia 1859 (44)Disintegration 1860-61 (i) John Breckinridge (Southern Democrat) (ii)Stephen Douglas (Northern Democrat) (iii)Abraham Lincoln (Republican) (iv)John Bell (Constitutional Unionist) NEW LECTURE (45)Total war (a)Northern Advantage(b)Military Leadership(c)Phases of War(i) April 1861. Summer 1862: Confederate domination (ii)Sept. 1862. July 1863: The balance shifts- Antidum, close to Northern Victory (iii)July 1863- April 1865: Union Victories (46)The second American revolution 1862)- use executive power to recapture the enemies’ possession. Only slaves that were located in southern confederacy.
a million slaves left their plantations. Dealt a blow to southern economy. 200,000 black soldiers served in union army. Blacks were claiming their citizenship themselves, defending “their” nation. Not equals (white vs. black soldiers), paid less, could not be commissioned as officers, segregated (47)The unfinished task supremacy still exists (48)Significance of the Civil War slavery & balance between states and federal government- confirmed that federal government was central to us System. shaping forces in American history ~~~~~Review~~~~~ - Part I. Cumulative essay; draw on material from
over course of semester. 2 questions (choose 1) 50%-American history as a story of a collision of cultures-Population and economy as shaping forces-Ideas matters- democracy, freedom (difference from beginning till 1865), sovereignty, virtue and property, religion -Wars change course of events, often in unpredictable ways-Tension between ideals and actions-Nationhood as a process. -Part II. Essay-material since 2ndmidterm, Constitution till civil war. 30%-Part III. Northup- make specific references, prove you read it. [email protected]

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