Employment surveys employment statistics in the us

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1.59 Employment SurveysEmployment statistics in the US are often based on two nationwide monthly surveys: the Current Population Survey (CPS) and the Current Employment Statistics (CES) survey. The CPS samples approximately 60,000 US households and collects the employment status, job type, and demographic information of each resident in the household. The CES survey samples 140,000 nonfarm businesses and government agencies and collects the number of payroll jobs, pay rates, and related information for each firm.(a) What is the population in the CPS survey?
(b) What is the population in the CES survey?
(c) For each of the following statistical questions, state whether the results from the CPS or CES survey would be more relevant.i. Do larger companies tend to have higher salaries?ii. What percentage of Americans are self-employed?iii. Are married men more or less likely to be employed than single men?i. CESii. CPSiii. CPSSolutioni.
1.85 Height and Reading AbilityIn elementary school (grades 1 to 6), there is a strong association between a child's height and the child's reading ability. Taller children tend to be able to readat a higher level. However, there is a very significant confounding variable that is influencing both height and reading ability. What is it?
1.87 Single-Sex Dorms and Hooking UpThe president of a large university recently announced43that the school would beswitching to dorms that are all single-sex, because, he says, research shows thatsingle-sex dorms reduce the number of student hook-ups for casual sex. He citesstudies showing that, in universities that offer both same-sex and coed housing, students in coed dorms report hooking up for casual sex more often.(a) What are the cases in the studies cited by the university president? What are the two variables being discussed? Identify each as categorical or quantitative.

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