Unconscious bias happens unintentionally unconscious

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their personal disparities. Unconscious bias happens unintentionally. Unconscious bias refers to attitudes or stereotypes that affect our decisions in an unconscious manner and impact our actions or judgment. Multiple studies performed show a relationship between level of unconscious bias and a decrease in care (FitzGerald, & Hurst 2017). Health Care Policies that Direct Care for Uninsured Patients Uninsured patients sometimes experience a decrease in their level of care upon entering the emergency department. The patient’s ability to pay or their insurance status should not be a factor in their care when they are experiencing a health crisis. Unconscious bias plays roles in decision making during triage [ CITATION Fit17 \l 1033 ]. The government has put laws in place to ensure that those prospective patients without insurance receive appropriate care. The Emergency Medical Treatment and Labor Act (EMTALA) was passed in 1986 in response to “patient dumping,” the practice of hospitals refusing to treat people with medical emergencies because of their inability to pay, type of insurance or lack of insurance. “Patient dumping” encompasses to early and inappropriate hospital discharge related to anticipation of elevated treatment costs [CITATION Saw17 \l 1033 ]. This law mandates that the hospital must stabilize prior to transfer or discharge of the patient. Because of this government requirement, the triage nurse should assess and prioritize solely on severity of symptoms rather than the ability to pay, the type of insurance or lack of insurance. Moral and Ethical Challenges Nurses Face when Adhering to Policy Nursing decisions are based on a Code of Ethics that have been set by the American Nurses Association (ANA)[ CITATION Ame15 \l 1033 ]. These ethics assist in giving the patient
EMERGENCY DEPARTMENT TRIAGE 4 the best quality care and treating all patients equally. The triage nurse’s morals are challenged

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