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S ECTION 2 C OUNSELLING
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Introduction to Guidance and Counselling Visit us at: 18 M EANING OF C OUNSELLING T he British Association for Counselling (BAC), now the BACP (British Association for Counselling and Psychotherapy), may have been the first professional association to adopt a definition of professional counselling. The following definition was published in 1986: The overall aim is to provide an opportunity to work towards living more satisfyingly and resourcefully. Counselling relationships will vary according to need but are concerned with: Ș Developing personal insights and knowledge Ș Making decisions Ș Addressing and resolving specific problems Ș Working through feelings of inner conflict Ș Improving relationships with others Ș Coping with crisis Ș Developmental issues In 1993, Feltharn and Dryden included the following definition of counselling in their specialized Dictionary of Counselling: “Counselling is a principled relationship characterized by the application of one or more psychological theories and a recognized set of communication skills, modified by expe - rience, intuition and other interpersonal factors, to clients’ intimate concerns, problems or aspirations. Its predominant ethos is one of facilitation rather than of advice-giving or coercion. It may be of very brief or long duration, take place in an organizational or private practice setting and may or may not overlap with practical, medical and other matters of personal welfare.” “Counselling is the skilled and principled use of relationship to fa- cilitate self- knowledge, emotional acceptance and growth and the optimal development of personal resources.”
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Contact us at: [email protected] 19 Counselling It is both a distinctive activity undertaken by people agreeing to occupy the roles of counsellor and client and it is an emergent profession. It is a service sought by people in distress or in some degree of confusion who wish to discuss and resolve these in a relationship which is more disciplined and confidential than friendship, and perhaps less stigmatizing than helping relationships offered in traditional medical or psychiatric settings. In 1997 the Governing Council of the American Counselling Association (ACA) accept- ed the following definition of professional counselling: “Counselling is the application of mental health, psychological or human development principles, through cognitive, affective, behavioural or systemic interventions, strategies that address wellness, personal growth, or career development, as well as pathology*.” “Counselling is an interaction process which facilitates meaningful un - derstanding of self and environment and results in the establishment and or clarification of goals and values for future behaviour.” ~Shertzer and Stone “Counselling is an accepting, trusting and safe relationship in which clients learn to discuss openly what worries and upsets them, to de -
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