ECE _ DSST Organizational Behavior

Wellness programs are organizationally supported

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Unformatted text preview: Wellness programs are organizationally supported programs that focus on the employee’s total physical and mental condition. The assumption underlying most wellness programs is that employees need to take personal responsibility for their physical and mental health. The organization is merely a vehicle to facilitate this end. For example, wellness programs typically provide workshops to help people quit smoking, control alcohol use, lose weight, eat better, and develop an exercise program. Organizations usually benefit from their investment in wellness programs as they see their healthcare costs decrease and productivity increase. A group is defined as two or more individuals, interacting and interdependent, who have come together to achieve particular objectives . Groups can be either formal or informal. No single reason explains why individuals join groups. Since most people belong to a number of groups, it’s obvious that different groups provide different benefits to their members. Some reasons people join groups are for: security, status, self-esteem, affiliation, power, or goal achievement. The communication that takes place between members of any group is known as group dynamics. Each member of the group will have an effect on the group dynamics, based on their motivation for participating, their similarity to other group members, the maturity of the group members in expressing their feelings, and the goal of the group. A formal group is a designated work group defined by the organization’s structure. These groups have designated work assignments that establish tasks. In formal groups, the behaviors that one should engage in are stipulated by and directed toward organizational goals. The three members making up an airline flight crew are an example of a formal group. Informal groups are alliances that are neither formally structured nor organizationally determined. These groups are natural formations in the work environment that appear in response to the need for social contact. Three employees from different departments who regularly eat lunch together are an example of an informal group. determined by the organization chart. An elementary school principal and her 12 teachers form a command group, as do the director of postal audits and his five inspectors. Task groups, also organizationally determined, represent those working together to complete a job task. A task group’s boundaries are not limited to its immediate hierarchical superior. It can cross command relationships. For example, if a college student is accused of a campus crime, it may require communication and coordination among the dean of academic affairs, the dean of students, the registrar, the director of security, and the student’s adviser....
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Wellness programs are organizationally supported programs...

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