2. Under which phase of the disaster do the three proposed interventions fall? Explain why you chose thatphase. 3. With what people or agencies would you work in facilitating the proposed interventions and why? The catastrophic earthquake has rendered Haiti, to this day, an inhospitable dry ground. The American Red Cross (ARC) defines a disaster as "an occurrence," either natural or man-made, "that causes human suffering and creates human needs that victims cannot alleviate without assistance", (Mauer & Smith, 2012). Prevention includes a wide range of activities known as interventions aimed at reducing risks or threats to health. These preventions can be primary, secondary and tertiary. Primary prevention is the act of making sure something will not happen. In the case of Haiti, the most critical step in primary prevention and nursing intervention would be to provide staff and volunteers appropriate immunization before entering Haiti and also provide the Haiti population will effective immunization to guard against Hepatitis, measles, mumps, rubella, and pertussis. Vaccination is a public health example of primary prevention; it prevents disease from occurring even if exposure happens. Providing education on effective personal and hand hygiene, safe and proper sanitation practices, maintaining and disposal of trash in safe designated sites, and keeping a generally clean environment can help reduce the spread of diseases. Secondary prevention aims at minimizing the harm that occurs once a disease or injury affects an individual or population. Secondary prevention involves the response to a disaster occurrence by responding to the needs to the affected population by providing shelter, medications, and other treatments. Disaster response is based on the preparedness, general considerations in planning, and specific elements of a disaster response plan like good communication, detecting, treat, and care for the injured, preparing a safe environment for the community involved inorder to prevent further damage, (Medialink, n.d.). Tertiary prevention refers to actions taken to help individuals who have been injured or ill to regain full capacity to live normal lives. It is important to gather and emergency medical care, provision of shelter and site planning, water and sanitation, safe food preparation, nutrition, case management, and medical supplies. Moreover, health education and providing the health of humanitarian workers is a critical point. Tertiary prevention with respect to a disaster has two major goals. The first is recovery of the community and its members from the effects of the disaster and return to normal. The second aspect of
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- Spring '19