Father knows best new life in the suburbs after wwii

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“Father Knows Best” - new life in the suburbs After WWII Two competing systems of government Fundamental Differences Different economics Different lifestyles Different beliefs Religious, political, etc… Communist Agenda Revolution of the working class Literal war or call to arms? Conditions our interpretation of soviet behavior Inferring Intentions from Action Extremely difficult World domination at stake US & USSR Balance of Power What is power? RELATIONAL: A’s ability to get B to do something it would not otherwise do Who has capabilities? Count missiles MATERIAL: Capabilities, resources (military), the capacity to raise arms, deploy navies, occupy territory. Things with which states can influence one another We need OUTCOMES to learn what B actually does We rely on a counterfactual world when we think about whether B would have done this regardless of what A did
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One possible interpretation: Each side sees the other as the aggressor Each side thinks they are merely responding to the aggressor The Arms Race The result is a cycle of increasing capabilities, escalating stores of weapons More missiles, weapons, technology Each side believe they are “keeping the balance” MAD (Mutually Assured Destruction) is an equilibrium It’s a specific kind of equilibrium (Nash) It’s a form of a minimax strategy: minimizing your maximum regret Once armed, neither side has any incentive to strike or disarm. Sit still [the balance in the arms race] Game Theory Think tank 1950s John Nash (the Nash Equilibrium) To describe the arms race You want to have a model of the world to predict what might happen in the future Equilibria exists that help us explain and predict behavior (under certain assumptions) One zero-sum game is the prisoners’ dilemma What is the zero-sum game? ** Nash Equilibrium No player can do better by increasing his/her capability The Reason to Stop Them (the Soviets): Domino Theory The Berlin Wall Guarded concrete barrier separating East/West Berlin 1961-1989
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Christopher Reinemann
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