Regulated by the Canadian Council on Animal Cares Three Rs o Replacement if you

Regulated by the canadian council on animal cares

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- Regulated by the Canadian Council on Animal Care’s Three R’s o Replacement- if you don’t need living animals, use computer modeling o Reduction- you have to know the experiment is ready to go, that there is nothing wrong; be efficient, use the minimum necessary, have to make sure you won’t have to repeat procedure because of an error so that you don’t waste resources o Refinement- Modifying procedures to minimize pain and distress Human Research Ethics Examples - Milgram’s Obedience to Authority Experiments o Deception about shocking a confederate based on a memory test, but it was actually testing obedience o The participants were debriefed in a very humane way, they met the confederate o Because of the careful way they were debriefed the participants were not harmed in the long run o Participants knew they’d be shocking someone or receiving shocks o Participants fully and humanly debriefed o Benefits of research vs. cost to participants: learned something profound about human behaviour and why people do bad things that they don’t want to do Reconciliation after war/genocide - The Stanford Prison Experiment o They tricked the parents that everything is safe o They arrested the participants at their house o The participants were not allowed to leave o The scrubbing the toilets with their bare hands was gruesome Lecture: Measurement- Concretizing Abstract Constructs - Measurement refers to the process of systematically assigning values to represent attributes of organisms, objects and events - Conceptual vs. Operational Variables
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o Conceptual: What you want to measure, its usually abstract o Operational: Specific decision on how to measure your conceptual variables, telling you how to measure - E.G. Happiness: Conceptual- feeling of satisfaction of fulfillment, from your own perspective how are you doing (subjective well-being); Operational- fill out a form, are they smiling more o Diener created a survey called SWLS- satisfaction with life survey- that measured happiness- this would be the operational variable - E.G Intelligence: o Conceptual: A mental ability that involves the capacity to reason, plan, solve problems, and think abstractly o Operational would be IQ test - Three Types of Measures o Self-report- operationalizing variables by asking people questions and assigning values to their answers, like surveys polls, questionnaires; e.g. happiness, intelligence, and stress; young children get asked from teacher and student reports o Observable behaviours- operationalizing variables by recording observable behaviour and physical traces of behaviours; e.g. you can look at facial expression for happiness, for physical traces of stress you can look at bite marks on pencils, physical traces of evidence the people have left behind o Physiological- operationalizing variables by recording physiological data; put electrodes on face to measure happiness, you can induce a stress response and measure cortisol levels; intelligence: people with higher IQ show less blood flow
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  • Fall '15
  • Dr. Ostovich
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