Week 4-True to oneself (class) (1).pptx

182 21 who am i who am i what is my real self how far

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Who Am I? Who am I? What is my real self? How far can the demands of an authentic l ife be regarded as a matter for self-disc overy? 22
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Who Am I? Daniel Haybron believes that there is a emotio nal nature in our being Different dimensions of the self Social self – ‘social role or identity’ Moral or ethical self – ‘character’ and moral beliefs Temperament – cheerful or calm or introverted.. Emotional nature – to be disposed characteristi cally to be happy in certain circumstances and n ot others; stable though not permanently fixed. Self-understanding – narrative identity Haybron, The Pursuit of Unhappiness , pp.183-88. 23
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Who Am I? But is it easy to know oneself? Turn inward 24
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Who Am I? Augustine (354-430) and Rousseau (1712-1778) both wrote a confession. Augustine’s Confession is perhaps the first mode rn work that started the trend of looking inward to oneself – one makes sense of one’s life by g iving a narrative of one’s events through intro spection But for Augustine the inner self is inextricably bound to God So turning inward is also turning upward (to God) 25
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Who Am I? Rousseau’s Confession For Rousseau, turning inward is leaving so ciety and the corrupting forces of civiliz ation He thinks it is easy to know himself, the difficulty is just to let others know him 26
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Who Am I? “I have only one faithful guide on which I can count: the succession of feelings t hat have marked the development of my bei ng…. I may omit or transpose facts, or m ake mistakes in dates; but I cannot go wr ong about what I have felt or about what my feelings have led me to; and these are the chief subjects of my story.” quoted in Guignon, pp. 68-9 27
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Who Am I? Rousseau: “I shall show myself to you as I se e myself, as I am, for since I pass my life wi th myself I am bound to know myself” “Although it might not be at that stage parti cularly interesting for the facts of my life, I felt it might become so from the frankness t hat I was capable of putting into it, and I de cided to make of it a work that would be uniqu e because of its unparalleled truthfulness, so that once at least people would be able to see a man as he is within himself.” quoted in Williams, p. 175 28
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Who Am I? Rousseau was proud of his truthfulness, b ut he admitted that he told a lot of untr uths to other people: “But in examining myself with greater care I was very surprised by the number of thing s which I had invented but which I remember saying as though they were true, at a time when, proud in myself of my love for the tr uth, I was sacrificing to it my security, m y interests, and my own person with an impa rtiality of which I knew no other example a mong them. (quoted in Williams, p. 176) 29
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Who Amy I?
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  • Meaning of life

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