was part of an attempt by the United States to acquire Cuba. saw several European powers denounce American slavery. prohibited slavery in the Hawaiian Islands. 39. The 1856 beating of Charles Sumner on the floor of the United States Senate was in response to a pro-slavery speech he gave. was a vicious assault carried out by a member of Congress. was strongly condemned in the South. resulted in Sumner's death from his injuries weeks later. All these answers are correct. 40. The 1857 Lecompton (Kansas) constitution was twice rejected by a majority of Kansas voters. rejected, then approved by Kansas voters. antislavery. written by Stephen Douglas. approved and later reaffirmed by Kansas voters. 41. The Chinese who came to California during the gold rush typically planned to remain permanently in the state. usually came with their families. more often worked as merchants than miners. had similar aspirations as the American participants. found themselves banned from working in the mines. 42. The Compromise of 1850 allowed for the admission of California as a slave state. free state, along with a strengthened fugitive slave law. slave state, along with an agreement to construct a transcontinental railroad. free state, with the agreement that there would be no additional states added for ten years. free state, along with Utah and New Mexico as slave states. 43. The Mexican War resulted from the United States provoking Mexico to fight. Mexico provoking the United States to fight. Texas citizens attacking Mexican forces. Mexican forces attacking Americans in California. Texas citizens staging an attack by Mexican forces. 44. The Supreme Court held in the case of Dred Scott v. Sandford (1857) that Scott must be freed under federal law. 8
CH 13 slaves were property unless they moved to a free state. states were not allowed to abolish slavery within their borders. the freedom of a slave could not be purchased by a black person. the Missouri Compromise was unconstitutional. 45. The Wilmot Proviso banned all slavery west of the Mississippi River. passed in the House and was signed into law. overturned the Missouri Compromise. was an appropriation to pay for peace with Mexico. prohibited slavery in any land acquired from Mexico. 46. The admission of California into the United States was a divisive national issue because westerners in other territories believed they deserved statehood before California. California's entry would upset the nation's numerical balance of free and slave states. most Californians opposed entry into the United States. California adopted a constitution that allowed slavery. lawmakers believed California gold would upset the currency and cause inflation. 47. The election of 1856 saw no significant third party in the field. the Whig Party make a strong comeback. the Democrats elect a young and forceful pro-slavery leader. former president Millard Fillmore in the running. the Republicans run against the idea of internal improvements. 48. The first Republican candidate for president was James Buchanan. Stephen Douglas.
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