Examinations but these only undermined the dynastys

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examinations, but these only undermined the dynasty’s authority and sped up its decline.League of NationsAn intergovernmental organization established after theFirst World War to promote and maintain world peace. Itwas replaced by the United Nations in 1946 after the Second World War.1920-1946Presented an instance in global affairs where countries tried to work together to achieve common aims instead of relying on the power, wealth and dominance of one country, e.g. Great Britain. It presented new ideas on conflict resolution, e.g. peace through disarmament as opposed to an arms race; negotiation and arbitration instead of conflict to settle disputes between nationsIt laid the foundations for the present-day United Nations
Ho Chi MinhA Vietnamese nationalist and Communist revolutionary who contributed significantly to the founding of the Republic of Vietnam in 1945, fighting against the Japanese, French and eventually the United States, in pursuit of a single, unified Communist Vietnam.1890-1969He managed to resist and drive the foreign presenceout of Vietnam even after a long war with the UnitedStates, which was more advanced, wealthier and relied on more modern weaponry.Truman DoctrineAn ideology derived from a speech delivered by President Harry S. Truman to the United States Congress in 1947 in which he declared the United States' support of Turkey and Greece with military and economic aid to prevent them from falling to Communism.1947It marked the start of the Cold War between the United States and the Soviet UnionStopping the spread of Communism became a primary aim of the United StatesIt led to the Marshall Plan, which saw the US give billions in economic and military aid to European states recovering from the World War II.
Gamal Abdel NasserAn Egyptian military officer and statesman who led the 1952 Revolution that toppled the monarchy and established Egypt as a republic. He served as Egypt's President between 1952 and 1970.1918-1970A leading pan-Arab socialist whose calls for Arab unity earned him significant popularity in the Middle East and North AfricaNasser demonstrated that newly independent states could stand on their own without aligning with either of the Cold War powers, US & USSR.Nationalizing the Suez Canal successfully challenged British and French influence in EgyptianaffairsTaiping RebellionA violent civil war that broke out after the Qing Dynasty attempted to abolish a Christian-inspired millenarian sect known as the God Worshipping Society.1850-1864It was the bloodiest conflict of the 19th century with tens of millions dead and millions more displaced.It symbolized the declining authority and power of the Qing Dynasty as it took more than a decade to finally end the conflict.It significantly damaged Chinese views of Christianity and may have worsened perceptions about foreign influence.

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