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18. What was the Bonus March? Veterans of the First World War who marched on Washington to force President Hoover to give them their war bonus early due to the Depression.19. Why was the Election of 1932 important? 1932 was a political realignment election: not only did Roosevelt win a sweeping victory over Hoover, but Democrats significantly extended their control over the U.S. House, gaining 101 seats, and also gained 12 seats in the U.S. Senate to gain control of the chamber.
3Franklin D. Roosevelt’s New Deal, pp 502-507Main IdeasQuestions Prompt: To what extent was Roosevelt’s New Deal an expansion ofProgressivism?Answer: The liberalism of President Franklin Roosevelt’s New Deal drew on earlierprogressive ideas and represented a multifaceted approach to both the causes and effects of the Great Depression, using government power to provide relief to the poor, stimulate recovery, and reform the American economy. 20. Describe the New Deal: The New Deal consisted of legislation that would enact programs to deal with the Three R's of the economy--Relief, Recovery, and Reform. The authors of the New Deals legislation were known as The Brain Trust.21. Describe the First Hundred Days: First 100 days of Franklin D. Roosevelt's presidency.22. What was the purpose of the Fireside Chats? Roosevelt continued to use fireside chats throughout his presidency to address the fears and concerns of the American people as well as to inform them of the positions and actions taken by the U.S. government. 23. Of the Financial Reforms implemented under the New Deal, which was the most significant long term? Defend your answer using an example.The New Deal was responsible for some powerful and important accomplishments. It put people back to work. It saved capitalism. It restored faith in the American economic system, while at the same time it revived a sense of hope in the American people.24. What are FDR’s Three R.’s:Relief, recovery, and reform25. What was the purpose of FDR”s Brain Trust and Other Advisers… Brain trust was a term that originally described a group of close advisers to a political candidate or incumbent; these were often academics who were prized for their expertise in particular fields. The term is most associated with the group of advisers of Franklin D. Roosevelt during his presidential administration.26. What was the purpose of the Bank Holiday? Following his inauguration on March 4, 1933, President Franklin Roosevelt set out to rebuild confidence in the nation's banking system and to stabilize America's banking system. On March 6 he declared a four-day national banking holiday that kept all banks shut until Congress could act.27. Describe the Glass-Steagall Banking Act/ FDIC: The Glass-Steagall Act effectively separated commercial banking from investment banking and created the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation, among other things. It was one of the most widely debated legislative initiativesbefore being signed into law by President Franklin D.