72.Explain the role of the following hormones in the metabolism regulation: insulin, glucagon, epinephrine, thyroid hormones, cortisol and testosterone. 73.Absorptive vs. post-absorptive state: which hormone(s) predominate in each, and what is happening to glucose and fats in the body? 74. Make a list of major minerals and vitamins that our bodies need. Minerals : Calcium, Phosphorus, Potassium, Sulfur, Sodium, Chloride, Magnesium, Iron, Iodide, Manganese, Copper, Cobalt, Zinc, Fluoride, Selenium, and Chromium.
Vitamin : Fat-soluble (A, D, E, and K). Water-soluble (B & C) Antioxidants (C, E, and beta carotene). 75. Lipolysis and lipogenesis; glycogenesis, glycogenolysis and gluconeogenesis - explain what happens in each process, and in which organ(s) each can occur. Lipolysis - breaking down fat. In cells that store fat (adipose cells and liver cells). Lipogenesis - when fat is synthesized. In cells that store fat (adipose cell & liver cells). Glycogenesis - is the synthesis of glycogen. Liver & skeletal muscle fibers. Glycogenolysis - is the process of splitting glycogen into its glucose subunits. Liver & skeletal muscle fibers. Gluconeogenesis - is the process by which glucose is formed form these noncarbohydrate sources. Happens in liver & kidney. Urinary system and fluid/electrolyte balance 76.List the anatomical parts of the urinary system. 77.List all functions of the kidneys.