Lesson 6 the bastides of france bastides were founded

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LESSON 6 THE BASTIDES OF FRANCEBastides were founded by a territorial lord orking in areas of sparse population. They wereessentiallycentresfromwhichlandreclamation, road building, and other activitieswerecarriedout.Importantfeaturesassociated with the bastides were as follows:Bastides served as agricultural centres andstrong points in disputed frontier regions;Prospective settlers were attracted becausethey had a right to hold market;New settlers were granted plots of land, andsometimes construction material, to buildhouses;New settlers were also attracted because theywould be exempt from personal servicesassociated with the feudal economy; andIn order to promote such settlements outsidersor "hotes" were invited to settle. Thecharacteristics of the bastidor's plot were asfollows:Land was divided into blocks or "insulae" or"îlots";New settlers were given rectangular plotswithin the insulae called "placeae";Individual houses were separated from eachotherbynarrowpassagewayscalled"androynes";Walls and gates were given importance at theinitial stage of town planning and they, inreturn, determined the layout of major streets.Although the ground plan of later bastides wasThe lord was responsible for the constructionof the defensive wall.Ground Plan of Bastides Thefollowingimportantmorphologicalelements associated with planted towns:Bastides were laid out in a regular grid planwith streets crossing at right angles;Variations between bastides were attributed totopographic differences;All Bastides had a common public space attheir centre or close to it;The settlement plan was developed in advancewith plots that reflected social equality; andBastides were distinguished by the absence ofa castle (since they granted freedom fromfeudalism).Economic Role of BastidesThe establishment of a bastide was usuallydetermined by a lord or ruling house. Oncesuch a decision was made two subsequentquestions raised:Where does unused land that could bereclaimed exist? andWhich area would bring the highest "cens" orreturns to the lord? From an economic perspective, the mostimportant features associated with bastideswere as follows:Artisans and merchants were attracted topromote long-distance trade;Bastides were sometimes located on or nearmajor rivers (to facilitate trade);Agricultural production was meant for localconsumption and export; andSettlers (or "bastidors") owned two types ofagricultural land - the "bari" used to raiselocally consumed vegetables and herbs andlarger holdings used to cultivate wheat andbarley. These crops were grown in volume sothat surplus production could be exported.Wine was also an important export.Land Assignment
well developed, some haphazard developmentoccurred;The market square and church each occupiedan îlot;Agricultural products were sold in the marketsquare (business was conducted in buildingsaround the square during bad weather);The square was also used to promote socialcontact amongst the residents;

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