31 in the north the graphic photos of civil war

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31. In the North, the graphic photos of Civil War photographer Matthew Brady contributed to widespread uprisings against the war. were effective propaganda in support of the war. were unpersuasive as tools of persuasion in favor of the war. were less effective in gaining support for the war than propaganda used by the Confederates in the South. contributed to massive enlistments among young men. 32. In the South in 1865, as a result of the Civil War, there were more women than men in most states. large numbers of widowed southern women married Union soldiers. few women could find employment. the traditional roles of women were reinforced and maintained. women were granted the right to vote for their wartime service. 33. In the course of the Civil War, the ruling classes of England and France strongly opposed the Confederacy. the English government consistently supported the Confederacy. the French government formally recognized the Confederacy. English textile workers thrown out of jobs came to resent and oppose the Union. popular support for the Union was strong in England. 6
CH 14 34. In the election of 1864, President Abraham Lincoln emphasized the success of the Republican Party in fighting the Civil War. won by a narrow margin in the electoral vote. faced a Democratic opponent who was a former Union general. proposed a truce in the Civil War. was greatly aided by Robert E. Lee's surrender just before Election Day. 35. Politically, the Confederate constitution was almost identical in many respects to the Constitution of the United States. gave states the right to secede. allowed states the right to abolish slavery. gave the president and vice president four-year terms. did not allow anti-secessionists to serve in the Confederate government. 36. President Abraham Lincoln believed the main objective of the Union armies was to occupy Confederate territory. free southern slaves. destroy Confederate armies. control Confederate ports. capture Richmond. 37. Prior to becoming president of the Confederacy, Jefferson Davis had been vice president of the United States. called for a gradual phase-out of slavery. begged South Carolina not to leave the Union. called for the imprisonment of abolitionists. been regarded as a moderate on secession. 38. Robert E. Lee surrendered to Ulysses Grant at Appomattox Court House after President Jefferson Davis announced the Confederate government was defeated. President Abraham Lincoln was assassinated. Lee recognized the futility of continued fighting. President Lincoln met President Davis. President Jefferson Davis was captured by Union forces. 7
CH 14 39. Taxes enacted by the United States Congress to help finance the Civil War were strongly supported by most citizens in the Union. allowed the federal government to avoid incurring significant debt.

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