-name of the small triangular sail on pearl diving boats -sail is relatively easy to raise -music to raise the sail is quick and lively with much group clapping at the end of the repeated rhythmic mode Listening: Midaf (to access it, go to canvas<modules< audio) Identify: genre, singers’ involved, rhythm, place of origin, context, important musical features -genre- -rhythm-free, non-metered without drums -context-sung when pearl diver workers are using the oar -song for forceful heave
-drones, rising melodic gestures/shouts (correspond to short moment of rest between pulling) -performed only by the nahham and choir of working men providing drone SUFISM Chapter 3, reading on Munshids, powerpoint on Sufism Sufi soul documentary Kawala – flute areophane, made of reed, 6 finger holes, religious and folk music Zikr- important ritual in sufism. Remembrance. Centered on recitation of God’s name. with/without instruments. Mulid (mawlid): definition, when and where, significance A saint’s day festival celebrated on saint’s birthday. Very religious- zirk performed here. (Whirling dervishes) - Sufish dancing that allows them to connect with the universe and God. 4 parts- towards god, with god, in god, coming back -practiced in "Sufi soul: Whirling" -a form of prayer -perform sema dance (Rumi) - most famous Sufi poet in the west and founder of the Whirling Dervishes Characteristics of a Munshid (see the related reading in canvas<modules<readings) -singer of Sufi religious music since age 12 -set Sufi poetry to music -improvisation -learn melodies by ear -does not sing secular music Long-paragraph topic s Sufism: definition, origins, contributions, and basic rituals mystical, spiritual movement within Islam and its basic belief is that a Sufi practitioner can experience God (Allah) in this life with the assistance of rituals. Originated in Iraq, Persia, and Egypt in 12-13th BC. developed as a reaction to the strict legalism of the religious leaders and the worldliness of the Caliphs. Early Sufi mystics practiced meditation and self-discipline to remain pure and closer to God Listening: Track 4 “2nd mawwal” Identify: genre, context (where?), instrumentation, place of origin, theme/topic of lyrics, rhythmic mode. Where: Village north of Cairo Instrumentation: 2 Kawalas, kettledrums, frame drum, Topic of lyrics: Praising the prophets and the mystical belief that "the world began with the name of God and Muhammad"
IS MUSIC HARAM?
- Spring '14
- Arabic music, Arabic pop music