The program must be translated into machine language

This preview shows page 351 - 353 out of 566 pages.

We have textbook solutions for you!
The document you are viewing contains questions related to this textbook.
Foundations of Business
The document you are viewing contains questions related to this textbook.
Chapter 10 / Exercise 6
Foundations of Business
Hughes/Pride
Expert Verified
the program must be translated into machine language before it can be executed. This conversion of a program from a high-level programming language to low-level machine language is the job done by the software programs called compilers and interpreters. High-level programming languages are simply a programmer’s convenience; they
We have textbook solutions for you!
The document you are viewing contains questions related to this textbook.
Foundations of Business
The document you are viewing contains questions related to this textbook.
Chapter 10 / Exercise 6
Foundations of Business
Hughes/Pride
Expert Verified
cannot be executed in their original form (source code). This section describes a few of the major programming languages. COBOL The COBOL (COmmon Business Oriented Language) programming language was introduced in 1959. Developed in response to business community requirements, it was used mostly on mainframe computers providing data-processing services to large companies. More efficient and faster general-purpose computer programming languages exist in the market, but COBOL is going to remain with us because more than half of all business application programs are written in COBOL. FORTRAN The FORTRAN (FORmula TRANslator) programming language was devel- oped in 1955. It is most suitable for scientific or engineering programming, and remains the most popular scientific language. Of course, FORTRAN has been modified to meet the demands of new computers. The current version of FORTRAN is FORTRAN77, which is a general-purpose language capable of dealing with numeric and symbolic prob- lems. As with COBOL, a large body of existing code was written in FORTRAN, and it is still used in engineering and science. Pascal The Pascal programming language was developed in 1968 and is named after the seventeenth-century French mathematician Blaise Pascal. The idea of good style and habits in programming was around and the buzzwords “structured programming” were taking shape when Pascal was created, which incorporated structured programming ideas. Pascal was designed as a language to help students learn structured programming and develop good habits in programming. However, the use of Pascal is not limited to educational institutions; it is used in industry to create readable and maintainable codes. BASIC The BASIC (Beginners All-purpose Symbolic Instruction Code) programming language was developed in 1964 to help students with no computer background learn about computers and programming. It is accepted as the most effective programming lan- guage for instructional purposes. Since then, BASIC has evolved into a general-purpose language, and its use is not limited to the education field. BASIC is widely implemented and is used in business applications. C The C programming language was developed in 1972, and it is based on principles practiced in Pascal programming. It is mainly for targeted system programming, creating operating systems, compilers, and so on. Most of the UNIX operating system is written in C. C is a fast, efficient, general-purpose language. It is also a portable language; it is relatively machine independent. A C program written for one type of computer can be run on another with little or no modification. C is by far the language of choice for many programmers developing programs for business, scientific, and other applications.

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture