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•Horses used street cars and they pooped!A.1. No police•Urban bossesrose- neighborhood leaders who would perform favors such as finding people jobs, places to live and made sure they had food. They wanted the neighbors vote in return. This created political machines- a guaranteed win. Not very democratic, it was a threat to democracy.A.1. Growth of the "Urban Underworld"- prostitution, •Saloons- They were very different from bars today. Only working class males. Factory workers gathered here after work to drink and eat free food.•Prostitution- Rose greatly. Technically prostitution was illegal but cities did not enforce the laws. Women were sold into prostitution. "Red light district"- every city had one, Storyville is in New OrleansA.1. People who lived in cities were out of control, had immoral behavior and were threats to family.1.Close of Western Frontier (Filling in of the Great Plains)A. Native Americans RemovedA.1. Indians were forced out of the east into the mid-west.A.2. After the Civil War people became interested in living there. They looked to the mid-west because space was running out else where.A.3.Homestead act-if you build a farm and stay on the farm for 5 years you can have 160 acres for free. This drew in tens of thousands of people.A.4. They tell each tribe that they will have to live on a specific piece of land, a reservation.
A.5. This system doesn't work very well. Their entire existence is based on chasing buffalo and on warfare, they are nomadic. A.6. They would make bogus deals with the Indians and force them to sign treaties that they couldn't read. A.7. Sent US Armies to move Indians, typically Indians lost the Battles. By the 1890s almost all tribes were back on reservations.A.8. Their entire basis of existence disappears and buffalos nearly become extinct by 1890. Buffalos became extinct because of railroads (encouraged passengers to kill buffalo), farmers and the craze for buffalo hide. In 1865 there were 5 million by 1890 there were less than 1000 buffalo.A.9. People recognize that the reservation system is flawed and they come up with a solution. They want to make them US citizens by turning them into farmers. Congress passes the Dawes Act-breaks up the reservation system and gives each family 160 acres and they are not allowed to sell the land for 25 yearsA. "Cattle Kingdom" & "Cowboy"A.1. As cities in east grow, cattle ranches grew in Texas and transported them to EastA.2. Cowboy myth- white, carried guns, tough, gamblers, heavy drinkersA.3. 1/3 of cowboys were actually black or Hispanic, they didn’t carry guns and they worked for meat packing companies who provided them foodA.4. Few gun fights, 450 totalA. Town and State DevelopmentA.1. Many towns came into existence during cattle runsA.2. Mid-west was filled in with farmers but there were few trees to make fences out of wood so they invented barb wire to keep livestock from trampling cropsA.3. Used sod to build houses, later trains brought woodA.4. There was little water so they developed irrigation and wind mills to get water out of the groundA.5. Lived within a days travel of a town