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23. When the right kidney is obstructed, how will the glomeruli and tubules in the left kidney compensate?a. Increase in number b. Increase in sizec. Develop collateral circulation d. Increase speed of production 24. What medical term is used to identify a functional urinary tract obstruction caused by an interruption of the nerve supply to the bladder?
1. The functional kidney is associated with which embryonic organ?2. When does urine formation and excretion begin?3. Compared with an adult, an infant has a greater content of extracellular fluid, as well as a greater rate of fluid exchange. What effect does this have on the fluid balance of a child compared with that ofan adult? a. Edema development is less of a problem.b. Overhydration is not difficult to managec. Daily fluid requirements are greated. The control of dehydration is more difficult. 4. What term is used to identify the condition that exists when the urethral meatus is located on the undersurface of the penis?5. What initiates inflammation in acute poststreptococcal glomerulonephritis?
6. Acute glomerulonephritis (AGN) may be accompanied by a positive throat or skin culture for which bacteria?7. A child with acute poststreptococcal glomerulonephritis is voiding smoky, brown-colored urine and asks the healthcare professional to explain what causes it. What explanation by the professional is best?a. Presence of red blood cells b. Presence of urobilinogen c. Slough from the collecting tubules d. Protein in the urine 8. In immunoglobulin G (IgG) nephropathies such as glomerulonephritis, IgG is deposited in which location?9. What is the pathophysiologic process responsible for the autoimmune disorder of hemolyticuremic syndrome (HUS)?endothelial cells.