Below are some possible questions. Regard this version of review sheet as complete and final. On the final edition there will be nothing on the exam that is not found in it. Some of the questions overlap (that is, they draw on the same material, but with some differences). I. The Context for the Course (Toward a Richer Moral Vocabulary) : Define or explain the following terms. You will have to define/explain five to ten of the following. Ethics, Moral Objectivism, Normative Cultural Relativism, Ethical Subjectivism, Moral Skepticism, Moral Nihilism, Proof, a priori , a posteriori , Analytic statement, synthetic statement, synthetic apriori statement, argument, valid argument, sound argument, inductive argument, hypothetical imperative, categorical imperative, II. Nietzsche : 1. Nietzsche’s “genealogy of morality” is an important key in and in understanding his criticisms of Christianity and Judaism. Explain what he means by “genealogy of morality” and its role in understanding his criticisms of Christianity and Judaism.
2. We distinguished moral nihilism from both normative cultural relativism and moral objectivism. Select one of these and defend the view that Nietzsche is best understood as an advocate of that position. III. Kant and the Categorical Imperative : 1. Kant famously thinks “a pure and good will” is the only thing that is good without qualification. To defend this view, he reviews four thought experiments about the moral motivation of characters (i.e.,
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