This is because Odysseus blinds and mocks Poseidon’s Cyclopean son Polyphemus ○ Pelops, son of Tantalus, Poseidon’s favorite mortals ■ Gives him winged chariot and untiring horses to defeat King Oenomaus, to dispose Myrtilus, and marry Oenomaus daughter Hippodamia ● He has abilities to change his form to seduce others ○ Violates Demeter in form of horse ○ Medusa as a bird ○ Melantho as a dolphin ● Has children, many of his mortal children violate laws of xenia ● Fathers heroes like Theseus “king of Athens”, Aethra, Argonauts ○ Falls in love with sea nymph Amphitrite, daughter of Nereus
Hades: ● Roman: Pluto, born of Cronus and Rhea, lord of underworld, god of dead ● Cult Centers: Elis, Mt. Minthe ● Has dark beard, scepter, cornucopia, helmet of invisibility ● “House of Hades” ● Hades’ wife is Persephone, daughter of Zeus and Demeter ● Homer Hymn: ○ Persephone’s abduction by Hades while she is picking flowers in a field ○ Their marriage used to explain seasonal cycle, death, and rebirth ● Lends his helmet of invisibility to gods and mortals like Perseus, Athena, Hermes Hera: ● Roman: Juno, born of Rhea and Cronus, jealous wife and sister of Zeus ● Goddess of childbirth, fertility, and marriage, queen of heaven ● Cow is the sacred animal ● Marries Zeus on islands of Hesperides ○ Bore three children Zeus: Zreas, Hebe “Youth”, and Eileithyia “goddess of childbirth” ○ Hera bore Hephaestus asexually in retaliation for Athena’s birth from Zeus’s head ● In the Iliad: ○ Hera famously borrows Aphrodite’s magic girdle and seduces Zeus on Mount Ida while he watches the Trojan War ○ Enchanted belt makers her irresistibly alluring, distracts Zeus while assisting her beloved Greeks in battle ○ Zeus expresses his maddening desire for girdled Hera by comparing her to all of the other women he has slept with ● Most jealous wife of Zeus ○ Zeus slept with Leto prior to marrying Hera ○ Hera seeks vengeance on Leto by forbidding all the lands under the sun to allow Leto a place where she might give birth to Apollo and Artemis ● Another myth, Zeus deftly transforms his lover Io into a cow while seducing her in effort to escape Hera’s detection ● Myths of Hercules: ○ Hera delays Hercules birth, sends deadly snakes to his crib ○ Drives Hercules mad where he kills his own wife and children ■ Hercules performs his famous and perilous Twelve Labors in order to atone for these madness-induced murders Demeter: ● Roman: Ceres, daughter of Cronus and Rhea, goddess of grain, harvest, fertility ● Cult center: Eleusis, bearer of fruit furrows, of the earth ● Zeus weds Demeter and conceives Persephone
○ Persephone gets abducted by Hades while gathering flowers in a meadow, gets brought to the underworld to make her his bride ○ Zeus aware of Hades intentions and overlooked the abduction ○ Demeter finds Helios, witnesses the abduction ● Grief and angered at Hades, abandons the Olympian gods ○
You've reached the end of your free preview.
Want to read all 17 pages?