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30.The parents of a 5-year-old child arrive at the emergency department. The child's lips and face are swollen with hives on the face. The parents report the child ate peanut butter crackers in the last hour. The child has no known allergies. The nurse recognizes the findings are associated with:Latex allergy31.Which of the following statements demonstrates a nurse's understanding of pediatric submersioninjuries?Laryngospasm; a reflexive response to submersion, prevents fluid from entering the lungs for extended periods of time
The negative impact of lactic acid on the renal tubules is evidenced by a decrease in The best indicator of survival after submersion is the duration of time of submersion The duration of submersion is the best predictor of survival after drowning. In general, shorter times correlate to Hypoxemia and respiratory alkalosis may adversely impact myocardial function32.A 2-month-old infant is brought to the emergency department. The mother states he has had trouble breathing for the past two days. The PAT reveals an age-appropriate general appearance, rapid breathing with mild distress, and pink skin. Mucous is noted to both nares. Which of the following is the best next step?Administer oxygen via face maskReposition the infantSuction the nares with a bulb syringe Infants are preferential nose breathers and can have respiratory distress when the nares are occluded. Suctioning the nares is the priority intervention to open theairway.Assess breath sounds33.During the tertiary survey, the emergency nurse should continue to conduct reevaluations of the Pediatric Assessment Triangle (PAT), abnormal findings, and which of the following other assessment components?Secondary survey, vital signs, pain management and effectiveness of therapeutic interventionsPrimary survey, pain management, Pediatric Glasgow Coma ScaleAirway assessment, check pulses, neurological assessment, and pain management
Primary survey, vital signs, pain management, and effectiveness of therapeutic interventions The additional components of the reevaluation in the tertiary survey include the primary survey, vital signs, pain management, and effectiveness of therapeutic interventions.34.Which of the following interventions would the nurse anticipate for a pediatric patient with a feverand a history of a hematologic or oncologic condition?Oral ibuprofenPlacement in a negative pressure roomRectal acetaminophenIntravenous antibiotics This patient population is at risk for life-threatening sepsis, and treatment with intravenous antibiotics is indicated.