Restricted to conducting trade through the southern

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restricted to conducting trade through the southern port of Canton” (MIT Visualizing Cultures, 2011). It was because of these strict restrictions that “British Merchants blamed the restrictions of the Canton trade for the failure to export enough goods to China to balance their imports of teaand porcelain” (MIT Visualizing Cultures, 2011). Britain wanted to create direct trade ties with
3China and improve their relationship so that Britain could benefit. Lord George Macartney failedon his mission to do just that. His trip to China was disguised as one to celebrate the Emperor’s birthday. Despite his efforts, “when he tried to raise the trade question, after following the tribute rituals, Macartney’s demands were rejected” (MIT Visualizing Cultures, 2011). If Macartney hadn’t tried to attend the Emperor’s birthday celebration and had made his intentions known for his attendance, he may have been better received by the Emperor. Instead, he tried to please him with outdated gifts and led the British to believe that only force would open up trade routes with China. If Britain was misled by believing force was their only option, they didn’t have a viable ground for initiating a war with China. They sent a man who clearly wasn’t prepared to accomplish anything with China. He only took one Chinese speaking person with him on this mission and he deceived the emperor as to what his intentions were for being there. Britain should have known this would be a recipe for disaster and that they too were being deceived by Lord Macartney. During this time China is aware of the Opium epidemic in its country. “By the

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