700 different languages spoken 200 languages spoken along the coast Yams

700 different languages spoken 200 languages spoken

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7000. 700 different languages spoken. 200 languages spoken along the coast. Yams primary food, pigs center of social relations. • Irian Jaya – island and Indonesian province • Kaluli – no big man, they are egalitarian • Patrilineage – asmat follow blood line of the father only, not mother • Bride wealth – kaluli compensate family for bride • Clan – tribe or clan • Longhouse – Kaluli live in long houses. Common on island bornio • Sago – Sago palms, asmats main food for starch. • Swidden horticulture – When they move their crops somewhere else after soil isn’t good. • Mediums – visits from the spirits in their ownb odies • Sei (witch) – witch hunting. • Gisaro – Kaluli ceremonial life centerpiece
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• Secondary burial – Kaluli body is decomposed, left there or by initial burial, then bones collected into shrine. • Asmat – Tree people, southern coast of new Guinea. Different than highlanders, they relied on palm starch primary food. Head hunters. Loved praying mantas. • Headhunting – Asmat warriors went “hunting for sago palms” they treated it as if they were going to war and each part of the palm tree sort of represented head arms body and starch came from the belly of the tree. • Bis (or bisj) poles –ritual artifact created by asmat people. Can erect as act of revenge to pay homage to ancestors, or to calm the spirits of the deceased and to bring harmony and spiritual strength to the community. • Big Man – Good at making speeches, convincing, charismatic, pig feasts, give away pigs goods cassowaries cash, get prestige through generosity. The more wives you have the more you can take care of people, but wives are expensive. • Pig feast – Held among neighboring groups. Ate for social relations. (macas), if your group gives a pig feast, then you will be invited to one in the future. • Cassowary – Birds given by big men as gifts • Women’s pollution – They have the power to pollute men, men were very scared of women. • Palm grubs – found in the palms, juicy bugs • Praying mantis – Asmats loved them because the women ate the men after mating. • Boar tusks – Asmats used boar tusks for jewelry • Egalitarian – kaluli believed all people are equal and deserve equal rights and opportunities. Key Term Week 7
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Key terms week 1 -anthropology – holistic study of humans • cultural anthropology – study of human societies and cultures and development
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• biological anthropology – study of evolution and biological variations • linguistic anthropology – study of human languages • archaeology – study of human history through excavations • culture – not where you are born, but where you are raised and lived. Total way of life. • biocultural – different way of dealing with sicknesses? • holistic – possible witchcraft • etic and emic perspectives – etic from outside social group, emic from within • material culture – materials that each culture used (housing technology) • symbolic culture – group of people attached to behaviors philosophies and traditions. • ethnography – customs of individual peoples and cultures
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