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E congestive heart failure is a disease characterized

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E.Congestive heart failure is a disease characterized by reduced stroke volume due to ahigher pressure being required to open the aortic valve (end systolic pressure).
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2. Multiple Choice (20 points, 4 points each)Read each question carefully and write the most appropriate answer in the space provided__d___A. Which of the following is true for fluid shear stress:B. Which of the following is true for cardiac preload:
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C. Which disease state would typically be treated with a pacemaker:
___e___D. Starling’s Law states that fluid filtration rate out of a tissue capillary isDIRECTLY PROPORTIONALto which of the following:a.capillary cross-sectional areab.hydrostatic pressurec.osmotic pressured.blood flow ratee.none of the above
___a___E. Which of the following is a major role played the lymphatic system:
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3.Hypertension and cardiovascular dysfunction (15 points)Hypertension is a cardiovascular disease that affects ~20% of the population. Oneconsequence of hypertension is increased work required by the heart, thus elevating the risk ofheart attack. Another potential factor is the development of arteriosclerosis caused by“stiffening” of the arteries (i.e. lower compliance). We have discussed how blood pressure isgauged by two numbers, the systolic (PS) and diastolic (PD) pressures, and that there areclinical guidelines for maintaining both below maximum values (<140 mm Hg for PSand <80mm Hg for PD). With these factors in mind, consider two patients with clinically diagnosedhypertension:Patient 1: PS= 180 mm Hg, PD= 80 mm HgPatient 2: PS= 140 mm Hg, PD= 120 mm HgA.

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Term
Fall
Professor
staff
Tags
mm Hg, polymer layer

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