B performance is better when people use top down

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b. performance is better when people use top-down processing. c. surprisingly, people perform better when the task is abstract than when it is concrete. d. people prefer to use syllogisms, rather than conditional reasoning. Ans: a Page(s): 403-404 Difficulty: Moderate
12-24. On the classic "selection task" in conditional reasoning, people work on the problem, "If a card has a vowel on one side, then it has an even number on the other side." Research on variations of this task indicates that Difficulty: Moderate
Matlin Cognition 7e Test Bank Chapter 12: Reasoning and Decision Making Page 6 of 20 12-25. The research on logical reasoning shows that the confirmation bias is especially likely to operate when the participants Page(s): 403-404 Difficulty: Moderate
12-26. Suppose that Joseph Brown is a U.S. diplomat who works in Country X and is trying to assess whether Country X poses a threat to the United States. The diplomat gathers evidence that Country X poses a threat, but he does not try to gather evidence that Country X does not pose a threat. This error is called Page(s): 404 Difficulty: Moderate
12-27. According to the discussion of the Wason selection task, people perform especially accurately on some variations of this particular task. Theorists have suggested that evolution favored people a. who could understand the importance of rules about cooperative behavior. b. who could understand abstract reasoning more accurately than concrete reasoning. c. whose parents taught them about moral reasoning. d. who were popular with a large number of other people. Ans: a Page(s): 404 Difficulty: Difficult
12-28. An important difference between reasoning and decision making is that in reasoning ,

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