A Basic Modern Russian Grammar Part 8 Verbs and Constructions page 124 Eugenia

A basic modern russian grammar part 8 verbs and

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A Basic Modern Russian Grammar Part 8 Verbs and Constructions page 124 Eugenia Nekrasova The Reflexives can be used in the sentences with inanimate objects and the action is presented as if preformed by itself : Äâåðü îòêðûëàñü . The door opened. Ñïåêòàêëü íà÷èíàåòñÿ â 19 00 . The performance starts at 19 00 . Âäðóã êîìïüþòåð îòêëþ÷èëñÿ . Suddenly the computer switched off. Âî ñêîëüêî îòêðûâàåòñÿ ìàãàçèí? When does the shop open? Ó ìåíÿ ñëîìàëàñü ìàøèíà. My car broke. Imperfective Perfective çàêðûâàòüñÿ çàêðûòüñÿ - to close âêëþ÷àòüñÿ âêëþ÷èòüñÿ - to switch on ðàçëèâàòüñÿ ðàçëèòüñÿ - to spill ïðîäîëæàòüñÿ ïðîäîëæèòüñÿ - to continue óìåíüøàòüñÿ óìåíüøèòüñÿ - to decrease, to lessen óâåëè÷èâàòüñÿ óâåëè÷èòüñÿ - to increase, to grow óëó÷øàòüñÿ óëó÷øèòüñÿ - to improve óõóäøàòüñÿ óõóäøèòüñÿ - to deteriorate îñòàíàâëèâàòüñÿ îñòàíîâèòüñÿ - to stop òåðÿòüñÿ ïîòåðÿòüñÿ - to get lost and some others ïèñàòü Êàê ýòî ïèøåò ñÿ ? - How is this word spelt? ÷èòàòü Êàê ÷èòàåò ñÿ ýòî ñëîâî? - How is this word pronounced? ñòèðàòü Êàê ñòèðàåò ñÿ ýòîò ñâèòåð? - How to wash this sweater? ïåðåâîäèòü Êàê ïåðåâîäèò ñÿ ýòî ñëîâî? - How is this word translated? âêëþ÷àòü Êàê âêëþ÷àåò ñÿ ýòà ïëèòà? - How to switch on this stove? íàõîäèòü Ãäå íàõîäèò ñÿ ýòîò áàíê? - Where is this bank situated? The Reflexives with the passive meaning Reflexive suffix adds the passive meaning to many transitive verbs: non - Reflexives Reflexives There is usually a third-person subject in these sentences. also
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A Basic Modern Russian Grammar Part 8 Verbs and Constructions page 125 Eugenia Nekrasova The Reflexives are used to describe human states or feelings : Imperfective áîÿòüñÿ + gen. - to fear èñïóãàòüñÿ + gen. - to get frightened êàçàòüñÿ - to seem íàäåÿòüñÿ íà + acc. - to hope for Imperfective / Perfective íðàâèòüñÿ/ïîíðàâèòüñÿ + dat. - to like (used only impersonally) óëûáàòüñÿ/óëûáíóòüñÿ + dat. - to smile ñìåÿòüñÿ/ïîñìåÿòüñÿ íàä + instr. - to laugh at ãîðäèòüñÿ + instr. - to be proud of óäèâëÿòüñÿ/óäèâèòüñÿ + dat. - to be surprised áåñïîêîèòüñÿ/çàáåñïîêîèòüñÿ - to worry âîëíîâàòüñÿ/çàâîëíîâàòüñÿ - to get excited ðàäîâàòüñÿ/îáðàäîâàòüñÿ + dat. - to rejoice ðàññòðàèâàòüñÿ/ðàññòðîèòüñÿ + èç-çà + gen.
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