Cuba china uganda nigeria and ethiopia that sent

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Cuba, China, Uganda, Nigeria and Ethiopia) that sent health workers to the affected countries. The destination of the pledges is not restricted to the three epicentre countries. Some of the donations have been targeted at the West African region (around 40 percent), while several are not country-specific because of the multi-countries presence of donors and NGOs. A substantial part of the pledges has been sent to the three epicentre countries, with Liberia receiving the largest (US$882.0 million), followed by Sierra Leone (about $500 million) and Guinea (about $250 million). Financial support was also pledged to non-epicentre countries to handle preparedness activities. 21 Many recipients benefitted from these resources: UN agencies (especially WHO and UNICEF) (42.6%), NGOs (18.9%), governments (11.5%), Red Cross/Red Crescent (9.9%, private organizations and foundations (4.4%), and other actors received the balance (Grepin 2015). The multiplicity of recipients could be explained by the intensity and complexity of the pandemic, which make it extremely difficult for actors to deal with effectively. However, for the recovery process, government and local actors will have to play a very strong role. The international organizations should work with governments to mobilize resources for the recovery process. The coordination and lead of governments are vital in the implementation of the recovery process for sustainability, ownership and capacity building. The coordination between the national and regional levels has been strengthened, the provision of case management centres has improved, and support to field hospitals for healthcare workers in the epicentre countries has also been enhanced. Nevertheless, and in spite of enhanced coordination from the United Nations, there is much room for improvement from the international community. To date, the response to this rapidly changing epidemic has been inadequate, delayed and sparse, with uncoordinated efforts, limited interventions by experts and numerous unfulfilled promises. Most supports in the provision of case management centres and related facilities are concentrated in urban areas, especially in Liberia, and many part of remote and heavily affected communities lack case management centres even ten months after EVD was confirmed in the country. 21 They include Côte d’Ivoire (US$22million), Ghana (US$14.0 million), Mali (US$11.0 million), Nigeria (US$4.0 million) and Senegal (US$3.0 million). See Grepin (2015) for more information on the beneficiaries of the pledges. SOCIO-ECONOMIC IMPACT OF EBOLA VIRUS DISEASE IN WEST AFRICAN COUNTRIES
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30 The situation on the ground shows a case of the ‘double failure’ phenomenon. The slow response at the initial stage of the epidemic is now being compounded with partners’ inability to adapt to the current needs based on reality in the field. As highlighted by MSF (2014a), some international agencies are allocating resources to activities that are no longer appropriate to the current situation.
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  • Fall '19
  • West Africa

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