Write the MO structure for the following molecules P 2 Se 2 ClO Hybrid Orbital Theory - Theory used to explain bonding that occurs within molecules; takes atomic orbitals and creates an equal energy hybrid orbital with unpaired electrons for bonding - Example: bonding in CCl 4 o CCl 4 is a tetrahedral – The central carbon is attached to four atom so we must have four unpaired electrons for bonding
Describe the hybridization on CO 3 2- What is the hybridization of the labeled central atoms on the following molecule Organic Chemistry • Main types of organic compounds to be wary of: Alkanes (contain all single bonds), Alkenes (contain double bonds), Alkynes (contain triple bonds), Cycloalkanes (are cyclic structures), Benzene (a cyclohexene with 3 double bonds evenly spaced out), Carboxylic Acids (C bonded to OH, single bonded to another carbon and double bonded to O), Aldehydes (C double bonded to O, single bonded to another carbon and single bonded to H), Ketone (C double bonded to O and then single bonded on both sides to
Carbons), Ether (Oxygen in the middle and Carbons on either side), Alcohols (C bonded to an OH group). • If you know the number of Carbons you can figure out the number of Hydrogens in a simple alkane or alkene (having only one double bond). Type of Compound Number of Carbons Number of Hydrogens Alkanes n 2n+2 Alkene n 2n Problem 1 Given the names of these molecules, draw their structure and make sure they are named correctly. If not provide the proper name. A)5-chloro 3,3-dipropyl hexane B) 5-bromo 2,3-dimethyl cyclohexane C) Propyl butyl ketone D) 4-methyl pentanal E) 3-methyl hexanoic acid F) 2-methyl-4ethyl-1-hexanol 2 Name these molecules and determine the hybridization on each Carbon atom A) (CH 3 ) 2 CHCH 2 CH 2 CH 3 B) (CH 3 ) 2 CC(CH 3 ) 2 C) (CH 3 )CC(CH 3 )
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