100%(2)2 out of 2 people found this document helpful
This preview shows page 7 - 9 out of 12 pages.
oPersistent depressive disorder (PDD) is achronic(ongoing) type of depression in which aperson's moods are regularly low. But, symptoms are not as severe as withmajor depression.Learning Objective PGAT_COON_2016_14.7.3 – Describe the general characteristics of bipolar and related disorders; compare and contrast the symptoms of a cyclothymic disorder to those of the bipolar I and bipolar II disorders; and define the term hypomania.oA mental disorder marked by alternating periods of elation and depression.Learning Objective PGAT_COON_2016_14.7.4 – Explain the role that biology plays in the development of mood disorders, including one’s genetic vulnerability and the effects of different levels of brain chemicals and transmitter substances; define the term endogenous; and discuss thefollowing psychological explanations for mood disorders: a. the psychoanalytic theory of repressed anger; b. the behavioral theory of learned helplessness; c. the cognitive theory that emphasizes self-defeating thinking patterns; and d. the effects of social and environmental stresses.
(Add 1,000 or more words beyond question word count of 2,196)Learning Objective PGAT_COON_2016_14.7.5 – Discuss the reasons that women are more likely to experience depression than men. oCompared to men, women may have a stronger genetic predisposition to developing depression. Compared to men, women are much more subjected to fluctuating hormone levels. This is especially the case around the time of childbirth and atthe menopause, both of which are associated with an increased risk of developing depression. Women are more ruminative than men, that is, they tend to think about thingsmore—which, though a very good thing, may also predispose them to developing depression. In contrast, men are more likely to react to difficult times with stoicisms, anger, or substance misuse. Women are generally more invested in relationships than men. Relationship problems are likely to affect them more, and so they are more likely to develop depression. Learning Objective PGAT_COON_2016_14.7.6 – Differentiate between maternity blues and postpartum depression; discuss the symptoms and incidence rate for each condition and when each is likely to occur after giving birth; explain how a mother’s postpartum depression can affect her child’s development; and describe the risk factors for developing postpartum depression and the methods of prevention and treatment. oDepression suffered by a mother following childbirth, typically arising from the combination of hormonal changes, psychological adjustment to motherhood, and fatigue.Learning Objective PGAT_COON_2016_14.7.7 – Discuss seasonal affective disorder (SAD), including its symptoms and how it is related to the release of melatonin; explain why it tends to occur only during the fall and winter months and why it is more prevalent in the northern latitudes; and describe the method of phototherapy that is used to treat SAD.