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executed by the planters. This sparked the colored mission and began a war in 1791. Slaves destroyed plantations, killed the slave owners, and burned crops. Francois Dominique Toussaint L’Ouverture was the leader of the revolution and freed the slaves and gained their independence. The significance of this revolution was that they defeated the British and French military interventions and gained their independence nationally.
Industrial RevolutionThe Industrial Revolution was the replacement of manual labor by machine labor, which began in Great Britain. The world shifted from an agriculture based world to an industrial based world. Vast improvements were made in transportation, printing, availability of natural resources, labor, and technology. This revolution had a tremendous impact on society: it increased urbanization, causing pollution and poor sanitation and overcrowded cities. This made disease easier to spread, leading to an increase of mortality. During this time, women started to enter the workplace and oftentimes left children unsupervised. Children also entered the workplace, they were cheaper and were more efficient at working some machines. “separate spheres”“Separate spheres” was an idea created in Western societies in the 19thcentury that men and women should have different roles in society. This idea stated that women should be strictly housewives and stay in the home to cook, clean, and take care of the children. Men should be the breadwinners of the family and go to work each day and come home to their wife’s homecooked meal. They should be the participants in business and politics and head the opinion of the household for both topics. The significance was that the middle-class society was anal about everybody having a certain role in society, and that idea got stricter and had to be enforced once people started to step out of these boundaries. SocialismSocialism originated in Europe during the 1830’s by radicals who questioned the sanctity of private property and advocated the government’s protection of workers. This political ideology protectedthese workers from exploitation by their bosses and property owners. It also led to the foundation of labor parties throughout Europe during the latter part of the 19thcentury. Labor unions were created to defend worker’s interests. Karl Marx was by far the most well-known socialist. He founded the Marxist branch of socialism and what he called “scientific socialism” provided a framework for the dissatisfactionwith industrial capitalism. The significance is that workers were now protected from being exploited.