O 4 consequences things that come after an emotion ex

Info icon This preview shows pages 16–18. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
o (4) Consequences – things that come after an emotion Ex – fear makes you run away, love makes you approach a person o (5) Facial expressions – expressions on our faces as a result of the emotion Emotions are adaptive psychological mechanisms that make you respond to something Characteristic emotional expressions emerge fairly early in our development o You can generally tell the emotion of infants based on their facial expressions Paul Ekman did a lot of research on photo arrays of different emotional expressions o Each basic emotion is associated w/ characteristic facial display o Ekman was interested in to what extent are facial expressions universal Ekman went to isolated tribe in Papua New Guinea w/ no exposure to facial expressions outside their group o He went there w/ the photo arrays and went through specific stories with the people o Research showed that some basic emotions are universal Basic emotion theory treats each emotion as a separate entity – disgust, fear, happy, sad, surprise, anger There are 3 major dimensions that differentiate emotion o (1) Valence – most obvious, is something a good or bad emotion o (2) Intensity – how intensely do we feel an emotion o (3) Duration – different emotions tend to last different amounts of time Debunk’d Myth – Ulcers are caused primarily or entirely by stress o Most people endorse the idea that ulcers are caused by too much stress or spicy foods Reality – Ulcers are caused primarily or entirely by bacteria called Helicobacter pylori o Stress can only aggravate an ulcer is a person already has an ucler One study examined if patients w/ H. pylori infection subsequently developed ulcers o Found that H. pylori infections often caused ulcer to form in patients
Image of page 16

Info icon This preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
o H. pylori is usually found in stomach & disrupts protective layer that lines people’s intestine o Destruction of layer triggers release of enzymes and toxin in you cells – leaves them vulnerable to ulcers o Found no causal relationship btwn stress and development of ulcers in the study Models of Emotion Common sense is you see a snake, you get afraid, and fear causes your heart to beat and your palms to sweat o Idea that you have to wait until you experience emotion before you did appropriate behavior o William James thought this was an inefficient model to respond to your environment James’ model – you have behavioral response followed by subjective experience of emotion o Not emotion then response but response then subjective emotion o Cannon and Bard did not think that James’ model made sense Cannon and Bard model – physiological response and subjective emotion happen simultaneously o Idea that both behavior and emotion are elicited by the situation Schachter in 1960s realized physiological signatures associated w/ emotions are not that specific o Physiology of one emotion looks same in terms of arousal level as physiology of another emotion Schachter’s cognitive labeling approach – you have some physiological state, and you either label that to be consistent w/ emotion that’s appropriate for that situation
Image of page 17
Image of page 18
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern