This preview shows page 231 - 237 out of 266 pages.
o ensure efficient use of manpower: or society and the nation, vocational guidance aims t efficient use of manpower and greater economy in e execution of work and industry, business and overnment offices. Every worker should de roductive tors in vocational guidance primary aim of vocational guidance is the promotion -rsonal satisfaction with life as a whole. As such the [ ess of vocational guidance will consist of the following rs: 0 Enabling the individual to discover information about himself/herself, his/her abilities, interests, needs, ambitions, limitations and their causes. to
Providing the individual with information about himself, the benefits and challenges of different occupations and educational courses, the qualifications necessary for entering into them, and the total range of opportunities available. ki Providing the Individual with a frame of reference in which to see himself in relation to these 01171Ea)
GUIDANCE & COUNSELLING IN EDUCATION educational and vocational opportunities; to oriel him to the helping agencies available and to alel him to future decision- points in his career. 1 d) Providing counselling in order to promote s understanding and to develop educationala vocational plans. e) Providing a placement service to help him implement those plans. f) Providing a follow-up service to help him. 1necessary, face future decision-making situation Certain emphases implicit in the process of vocationi guidance are:
a) Vocational guidance is essentially a deyelopmenl process concerned with anticipating crises ail -_ future decision-making situations. b) It is client-centred, that is counsellors priri responsibility is to his client. c) In practice it is difficult to distinguish betw education and vocational guidance as educational decisions will have their vocatio implications. d) Vocational guidance must concern itself with ti total life of the individual. In practice working life can not be separated from his nal working life. In fact vocational guidance concerned with developing the individuals s
concept, his occupational self-concept and his extra-occupational self-concept. e) Values and choices are not imposed upon the individual. He is encouraged to define his own problems and to make his own decisions. Vocational guidance and vocational education The two terms are closely related but are not synonymous. Vocational guidance begins where vocational education, in a way ends. Vocational guidance without vocational education is a waste. Vocational education is a preparation or training undergone before an individual enters a vocation chosen through vocational guidance. Relationship between educational guidance and vocational guidance Educational and vocational EakUREP ET §9 S.1,W1Y akin that they are almost always discussed together in professional writing and research. The students choice of courses and his vocational plans are functionally inter-related. Educational guidance becomes fruitful only by keeping an eye on the vocational implications of