Kapasiti boleh diukur sama ada nilai unit keluaran tertentu seperti 1Unit

Kapasiti boleh diukur sama ada nilai unit keluaran

This preview shows page 22 - 31 out of 62 pages.

Kapasiti boleh diukur sama ada nilai unit keluaran tertentu seperti: 1. Unit keluaran sehari atau sebulan atau setahun 2. Bilangan projek (mengikut saiz) yang boleh dikendalikan 3. Bilangan tempahan yang boleh dipenuhi Perancangan Kapasiti
Image of page 22
Capacity means the ability of an operating business to produce goods or services to meet the market demand. Capacity can be measured in several unit output such as: 1. Output unit in daily or monthly or yearly 2. Number of projects (by size) that can be operated 3. The number of bookings that capable to be completed Capacity Planning
Image of page 23
NKO = Kapasiti Diguna X 100 (%) Jumlah Kapasiti NKO = Capacity Used x 100 (%) Total Capacity Nisbah kapasiti diukur dengan membandingkan kapasiti diguna berbanding jumlah kapasiti penuh. Kapasiti penuh merupakan keupayaan operasi mengeluarkan output maksima pada sesuatu tempoh masa. (Capacity ratio is measured by comparing the ratio of capacity used to total capacity. Total capacity refers to the maximum output that capable to produce in a period of time)
Image of page 24
Perancangan kapasiti dalam sesebuah operasi lazimnya melibatkan dua aspek input operasi utama iaitu peralatan mesin dan tenaga pekerja. Kombinasi dua input utama operasi ini akan menentukan tahap keupayaan atau kapas iti sesebuah pengeluara n. Capacity planning of an operation typically involves two main aspects of the operation input which are machinery and labor. The combination of the two main inputs of this operation will determine the ability or capacity of a production.
Image of page 25
1. Capacity planning 2. Machine and equipment how many machines required? 3. Human resource how many workers are needed? 4. Raw Material how many/types of material needed? 5. Processes and system 6. Production schedule 7. Quality how to produce high quality product/services 8. Layout 9. Location - where to set up business? 10. Budget how much budget?
Image of page 26
Menentukan perniagaan mempunyai sumber & fasiliti yang cukup untuk menampung permintaan pelanggan. Keupayaan pengeluaran produk/ perkhidmatan yang terhad akan merugikan syarikat dalam jangka panjang Kelemahan akan digunakan oleh pesaing lain untuk menguasai pasaran yang belum dikuasai oleh syarikat tersebut
Image of page 27
Menentukan bilangan & jenis mesin yang dipelukan mengikut kapasiti yang dirancang sekurang-kurangnya memenuhi permintaan semasa dan jangka sederhana. Menentukan jenis teknologi yang bersesuaian Mengambil kira jangka hayat & nilai jualan b alik. Bagi operasi pengeluaran yang tidak menggunakan teknolgi tinggi & ciri produk yang tidak mudah berub ah , syarikat boleh membina kapasiti untuk jangka panjang sekiranya kos pembelian mesin tidak membebankan Perancangan Keperluan Mesin / Peralatan
Image of page 28
1. Depending on business types. 2. Supplier and machines 3. Number of machines meet current and medium term demand 4. Technology lifecycle 5. Meet saleable product 6. Technology knowledge 7. Maintenance, spare parts and after sales services 8. Machines lifecycle and brand Machine / Equipment Planning
Image of page 29
Tenaga kerja dikelaskan kepada pekerja langsung dan pekerja tidak langsung .
Image of page 30
Image of page 31

You've reached the end of your free preview.

Want to read all 62 pages?

  • Summer '19
  • Muhammad Sufi Roslan

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern

Stuck? We have tutors online 24/7 who can help you get unstuck.
A+ icon
Ask Expert Tutors You can ask You can ask You can ask (will expire )
Answers in as fast as 15 minutes