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ORGANIZATIONAL SYSTEMS TASK 3 3contributions. (Web Japan, 2007). Japan provides at home care to ensure the elderly are well taken care of which is what increases their life expectancy. The U.S on the other case, has Medicaid to help those that cannot afford private insurance. The U.S has the Affordable Care Act (ACA) set in place to give citizens access to affordable and good quality health insurance. Medicare helps to pay for hospital, skilled nursing facility care, or hospice after 65. The Elderly also have an option to use private insurance but can be costly for the elderly. Japan gives care as needed to the elderly freely because of how their culture lives. The U.S on the other hand provides services that meets the needs but does not necessarily exceedthe expectations, like Japan’s elderly experiences. A2A. Coverage of MedicationsMedication coverage in Japan varies based on age and other factors. Regular patients, notchild or elderly pay 30% out of pocket for prescription medications. Children and elderly get prescription medication at lower price at about 20% cost. There is an extremely low use for generic drugs. The healthcare costs have become more expensive for the country, so they have started to use more generic drugs over time. (Nakagawa, 2017)Medication coverage in the United States is based on the various times of prescription companies. Some of the insurance companies base payment on a tiered copayment system. All insurance companies encourage the use of generic medication as first line, to help cut costs. Medicare part D helps to cover medication, but there a many plans the patient must qualify for. Ifa patient does not have insurance, they have the option to pay full cost out of pocket.