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Our first source was casting her own shadow eleanor

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Our first source was Casting Her Own shadow: Eleanor Roosevelt and the Shaping of Postwar Liberalism by Allida M. Black. The full APA citation for this, a book with one author, would be: Black, A.M. (1996). Casting her own shadow: Eleanor Roosevelt and the shaping of postwar liberalism . New York: Columbia University Press. Note that the capitalization varies depending on whether the title is in the text of the paper itself or in the reference page. If it is referred to in the paper itself, proper nouns (names), the first, last, and all words four letters or longer are capitalized. In the reference page, only the first word and proper nouns are capitalized in the title. Our second source came from a magazine. The full APA citation for this would be: Lord, L. (2003). A first lady of many firsts. US News and World Report , 135 (20). Retrieved February 16, 2004, from Academic Search Elite database. Why is this different than the book citation? It is actually quite similar and only different in very predictable ways. Why is the book title italicized in the first citation, but the article in the second is not? The italics in APA appear on what is most book-like, which in this case is the magazine itself. The same rule applies to articles from newspapers: the name of the newspaper, not the name of the article, is italicized. Many periodicals (magazines, journals, newspapers) have been published for decades. In order to keep track of all those that have been published, periodicals have volume numbers (usually one volume per year, so the first year a periodical is published is volume 1, the 20th year is volume 20, etc…) and issue numbers (how many other issues have there been in this volume). What 135(20) tells us above is that this article appeared in the 20th issue of the 135th volume of US News and World Report . APA omits the month and day when an issue number is present, and also omits the page number for an article that was retrieved from an online database. A couple last notes: If this article had been retrieved from an actual copy of this magazine, the page number (12) would have been included: Lord, L. (2003). A first lady of many firsts. US News and World Report , 135 (20), 12. Page numbers are not needed for book citations because the book covers every page it has! Our last source is the PBS website. This site does not list an author. If it did, the citation would start with that. Since it does not, the title of the Web page comes first: 3111_wl_rcp_apa1.doc Page 3 of 5
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The American Experience: Eleanor Roosevelt (1999). The American Experience homepage. Alexandria, VA: Public Broadcasting Service. Retrieved December 5, 2003, from the World Wide Web: http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/eleanor/ It is not always possible to find all the information listed in this last citation, but the more you can find, the more reliable the site is likely to be. The year often appears at the bottom next to a copyright symbol (©1999). The organization or author's location can often be found by clicking on the "Contact Us/Me" link that is common on Web pages.
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