- This workshop was held in Belgrade, Yugoslavia by UNESCO/UNEP in October 13–22 in 1975. - The United Nations Environmental Programme (UNEP) together with UNESCO, founded the UNESCO/UNEP International Environmental Education Programme (IEEP).
9. The Intergovernmental Conference on Environmental Education in 1977 (Tbilisi Declaration). - In October 1977, UNESO first Intergovernmental Conference on Environmental Education was held in Tbilisi, Georgia, USSR. - The conference prepared recommendations for wider applications of environmental education (formal and non-formal). - The 12 principles for environmental education were formulated. It is now known as the Tbilisi Principles of Environmental Education. It gives the framework and guidelines to practice environmental education on a global, region and national level. 10. The World Conservation Strategy (1980). - It was launched by IUCN, UNEP and then World Wildlife Fund (WWF). - This document shown the importance of resource conservation through sustainable development and that conservation and development are equally inter-dependent from one another. - These documents, both with a strong emphasis on environmental education, received wide international recognition and constituted a basis for national policy making. - This designed strategies for curriculum development. “Ultimately the behaviour of entire societies towards the biosphere must be transformed if the achievement of conservation objectives is to be assured. A new ethic, embracing plants and animals as well as people, is required for human societies to live in harmony with the natural world on which they depend for survival and wellbeing. The long term task of environmental education is to foster or reinforce attitudes and behaviour compatible with this new ethic.” (IUCN, 1980; Palmer-1998) 11. In 1982 Treverton (situated in Mooi River) held the first International Environmental Education Conference in Southern Africa. - The Environmental Education Association of Southern Africa (EEASA) was formed which discussed the common issues. 12. In 1983 the Brand Commission report was about the relationship between what they called the “rich” North “poor” South .
- Formally known as the World Commission on Environment and Development (WCED). - The UN General Assembly realised that there was a decline in human environment and natural resources and wanted countries to work together and pursue sustainable development. - UN established the Brundtland Commission. - The Brundtland Commission officially dissolved in December 1987 after releasing Our Common Future (also known as Brundtland Report) in October 1987, a document was created and defined the meaning of the term Sustainable Development. 13. The Moscow Conference (1987) - UNESCO and UNEP jointly organised the Educational Congress on Environmental Education and Training.
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