She feels overjoyed to hear that mr kurtz had spoken

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her lover before his death was her own name. She feels overjoyed to hear that Mr. Kurtz had spoken her name while dying though the actual fact is that the last words spoken by him had been: “The horror!” The irony in this case arises from the contrast between what Mr. Kurtz had actually become and what his fiancee still continues to think about him.The Irony in the Russian’s Adoration of KurtzThere is a similar irony in the Russian’s attitude of worship towards Mr. Kurtz. Mr. Kurtz has become a devil, as Marlow tells us. But, to the Russian, Mr. Kurtz has been a kind of hero worthy of adoration. The Russian tells Marlow, that Mr. Kurtz had enlarged his mind and that Mr. Kurtz had taught him to perceive the very essence of things. In other words, Mr. Kurtz had appeared to be a great sage and moralist to the Russian. The Russian had found in Mr. Kurtz a hidden wisdom which was a source of great enlightenment and illumination to the Russian. It is very strange that a man, who has become a savage and a beast, should be able to inspire such a deep respect in the Russian who is by no means a fool or a simpleton.Marlow’s Ironical DescriptionsThere is irony also in Marlow’s descriptions of things at certain points in his narration. For instance, his description of the blasting of a rock with gunpowder, when the rock does not stand in the. way of the building of the railway line, is surely ironical. Ironical also is his description ofthe warship firing its guns without any purpose. The supposed purpose of the firing of these gunsis to destroy the enemy, but no enemy is visible anywhere in the forest; and the warship is merelywasting its ammunition. There is irony also in the fact that, although the white man has brought alot of machinery into the dark country of the Congo, the machinery is lying unused. Equally ironical is the fact that, although there are heaps and heaps of rivets lying at one of the pg. 6
Company’s stations, no rivet are made available to Marlow for the repairing of the wrecked steamer which he has been able to pull out of the river-bed.Irony in Some of Marlow’s Portrayals of the White PersonsThere is irony also in the way in which Marlow describes some of the white persons. His description of the two knitting-women, in the Company’s office in Brussels is ironical. There is atinge of irony in his description of the Company’s doctor and the manner in which he examines the prospective employees of the Company. There is a lot of irony in Marlow’s description of thewhite agents who are seen loitering about at the Central Station in theCongo, and in Marlow’s describing these men as faithless pilgrims. The irony here becomes most pungent. For instance, referring to the sticks which these men carried, Marlow says: “I verily believe they took these sticks to bed with them”. Besides, the irony here is not sombre or tragic but most comic and mostamusing. Then there is irony in his portrayal of the manager’s uncle, and the brick-maker who

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