PHRM 514 Allergic Rhinitis Fall '12 (2)

O perennial vs o episodic o mild vs o moderate severe

Info icon This preview shows pages 7–18. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
o Perennial vs. o Episodic o Mild vs. o Moderate-Severe and o Intermittent vs. o Persistent Apgar DA. Allergic Rhinitis. In: Chisholm-Burns MA, Schwinghammer TL, Wells BG, et al., editors. Pharmacotherapy: Principles and Practice. 2nd ed. New York: McGraw Hill Medical; 2010:1047-1049.
Image of page 7

Info icon This preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Seasonal Allergic Rhinitis o “Hay fever” o Occurs at predictable times of year when specific allergens are present o Usually spring and fall when plants bloom May JR, Smith PH. Allergic rhinitis. In: DiPiro JT, Talbert RL, Yee GC, et al., editors. Pharmacotherapy a pathophysiologic approach. 8th ed. New York: McGraw Hill Medical; 2011:1649-1652.
Image of page 8
Match the pollens with the seasons they would most likely be the cause of allergic rhinitis. 1. Weed-Spring, Tree-Fall, Grass-Summer 2. Weed-Spring, Grass-Fall, Tree-Summer 3. Weed-Summer, Grass-Spring, Tree-Fall 4. Weed-Fall, Grass-Spring, Tree-Summer 5. Weed-Fall, Grass-Summer, Tree-Spring
Image of page 9

Info icon This preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Tree pollens Weed pollens Grass pollens May JR, Smith PH. Allergic rhinitis. In: DiPiro JT, Talbert RL, Yee GC, et al., editors. Pharmacotherapy a pathophysiologic approach. 8th ed. New York: McGraw Hill Medical; 2011:1649-1652.
Image of page 10
What are examples of indoor allergens?
Image of page 11

Info icon This preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Perennial Allergic Rhinitis o Occurs year round o Indoor allergens n House dust mite fecal proteins n Animal dander n Cockroaches n Mold o Less common o Present year round (growth on decaying vegetation occurs seasonally) May JR, Smith PH. Allergic rhinitis. In: DiPiro JT, Talbert RL, Yee GC, et al., editors. Pharmacotherapy a pathophysiologic approach. 8th ed. New York: McGraw Hill Medical; 2011:1649-1652.
Image of page 12
Review of Nasal Physiology o Prepares incoming gases and their contents for the lungs o Heats, humidifies, and cleans the air o Usual process: n Air passes through the nose n Turbulence throws particulate matter against mucus n Nasal cilia cause the mucus to move posteriorly and it is swallowed n Trapped foreign particles are removed via the GI tract and do not reach the lungs May JR, Smith PH. Allergic rhinitis. In: DiPiro JT, Talbert RL, Yee GC, et al., editors. Pharmacotherapy a pathophysiologic approach. 8th ed. New York: McGraw Hill Medical; 2011:1649-1652.
Image of page 13

Info icon This preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Nasal Vascular Tissue o Parasympathetic stimulation n Fibers vasodilate n Erectile tissue size increases n Airways narrow o S y m p a t h e t i c s t i May JR, Smith PH. Allergic rhinitis. In: DiPiro JT, Talbert RL, Yee GC, et al., editors. Pharmacotherapy a pathophysiologic approach. 8th ed. New York: McGraw Hill Medical; 2011:1649-1652.
Image of page 14
Immune Response to Allergens Exposure 1 Exposure 2 and subsequent exposures May JR, Smith PH. Allergic rhinitis. In: DiPiro JT, Talbert RL, Yee GC, et al., editors. Pharmacotherapy a pathophysiologic approach. 8th ed. New York: McGraw Hill Medical; 2011:1649-1652.
Image of page 15

Info icon This preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Apgar DA. Allergic Rhinitis. In: Chisholm-Burns MA, Schwinghammer TL, Wells BG, et al., editors. Pharmacotherapy: Principles and Practice. 2nd ed. New York: McGraw Hill Medical; 2010:1047-1049. Rosenwasser L. New insights into the pathophysiology of allergic rhinitis. Allergy Asthma Proc 2007;28:10-15.
Image of page 16
Which of the following is an effect of histamine?
Image of page 17

Info icon This preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Image of page 18
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern